Dr. Mina Sartipi
Center for Urban Informatics and Progress (CUIP) - Scientists from the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga will lead a team to create and test smarter intersections, where drivers will spend less time idling at red lights, and cars will know what speed to drive to clear every green light.
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Dr. Farah Kandah
Cyber Poverty - Financial and technological situation where small businesses, individuals, and groups are unable to afford the cybersecurity they need in order to safely operate their systems, devices, and processes safely.
Software development in the router, modem, and, where appropriate, other devices supplied by an ISP can be coupled with blockchain technology, machine learning, and common device vetting to create a "safer space" to operate without as many threats or as obvious threats simply overrunning users of the Internet. This infrastructure architecture and associated prototyping is ongoing research at the SimCenter in the Cybersecurity and Cyber-physical Systems
XiveNet - XiveNet, the testbed being developed, will comprise both real and simulated ECUs, to eliminate significant costs such as the need to purchase a separate vehicle for testing. The hybrid approach will allow the testbed not only to be flexible but also to mirror real-life scenarios by providing more realistic feedback than a software-based approach can. This project is funded by the National Security Agency.
In-vehicle networks are implemented via the ISO standard Controller Area Network (CAN) bus protocol, which is a message-based communication standard for connecting basic, low-powered micro-controllers called Electronic Control Units (ECUs) that are found in modern vehicles. Up to 100 ECUs communicating via the CAN can be found in one vehicle. Likewise, approximately 100 million lines of code can be required to control devices in the network and to keep the vehicle operating properly. CAN is popular throughout the manufacturing automation sector and other sectors other than automobiles such as in medical devices and industrial equipment.
CAN is a broadcast-based, low-cost, lightweight network that is designed for low-power computing devices with small message size and uses a protocol that has small network overhead. The existing CAN network fulfills the requirements for safety and reliability of a vehicle—but not for security. When modern vehicles are inevitably connected to the outside world by Wi-Fi or cellular networks, security issues arise because CAN was designed with no particular security model or architecture in mind. e simplistic design of CAN exposes various security vulnerabilities that can be exploited easily by a hacker in or near the vehicle.