Jiaozi, the world's first paper-printed currency, a Song innovation. Source: Wikipedia at https://tinyurl.com/ycsyqzsa.
Class No. 2
Begin the second day of research and slide creation by reviewing the main objectives of the project. Discuss expectations and any questions or concerns students may have at this point in the research and slide preparation. Give students the option to use a graphic organizer to prep research information into slides on a written format. Sometimes, it helps to transfer research information prior to typing and preparing the slides for presentation. (estimated time, five minutes)
All of Class No. 2 should be utilized by students for continued research and project preparation. Slide projects should be completed by the end of Class No. 2. Student groups that finish their projects early should be encouraged to review and proof their presentations. If time allows, they may begin practicing their group presentations. If needed, students may continue work at home if they have access to the internet. (estimated time, fifty minutes)
Class No. 3
Project presentation day: Student pairs should present their projects to the class. Presentations should be limited to around five minutes each. As students present their projects, other class members should take notes on each topic.
Students will take notes during their classmates’ presentations and from their notes will prepare an expository written response to the following prompt: In what way did the technological advancements made during the Song dynasty influence today’s society?
Estimated time: twenty minutes
Introduce the following quote from the PowerPoint slide through language similar to this:
Technological developments can make some people poorer. For example, many blacksmiths lost their jobs when automobiles became widely available, and many travel agencies reduced their staffs or went out of business when computers made it cheaper for individuals to book their own airplane flights. However, thus far in world history, most people in societies that rapidly improve technology are much wealthier than societies where this does not happen.
Then, have the entire class read the following quotation from Philip D. Curtin, a historian on the Song dynasty:
“A Period of Unprecedented Growth”
Between ... 960 and ... 1127, China passed through a phase of economic growth that was unprecedented in earlier Chinese history, perhaps in world history up to this time. It depended on a combination of commercialization, urbanization, and industrialization that has led some authorities to compare this period in Chinese history with the development of early modern Europe six centuries later.
Have students explain the meaning of commercialization, urbanization, and industrialization.
Then, ask for a volunteer or volunteers to use part of the last sentence to identify and explain in their own words the evidence in this short quotation that supports the argument that Song China was the richest society in the world.
References and resources
http://ccnmtl.columbia.edu/services/dropoff/china_civ_temp/week06/pdfs/tangci.pdf: Craig Lockard, professor of history at the University of Wisconsin, provides this article, titled “Tang Civilization and the Chinese Centuries.” Teachers are encouraged to read this longer version of the first handout.
https://chinatxt.sitehost.iu.edu/EAsia-survey/Song-overview.pdf: This is a link to a research paper written by R. Eno from Indiana University’s East Asian Languages and Cultures Department, titled “Song Dynasty Culture: Political Crisis and the Great Turn.”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QO7NHZJ-eE4: “Discovering China—The Song Dynasty” is a six-minute, twenty-second-long video by New Tang Dynasty (NTD) TV on YouTube. Students view this video during Class No. 1 of the module to introduce and summarize the Song dynasty and some of the dynasty’s technological advancements.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/song-dynasty.html: The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) website section on the Song dynasty is an excellent site for researching all aspects of the dynasty. It is an excellent site for students to use while researching Song technologies.
http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/songdynasty-module/index.html: This site is the best overall resource for students and teachers, as it covers all aspects of the Song dynasty.
http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/songdynasty-module/cities-new.html: This is a GIF that shows maps of both the Northern and Southern Song dynasties, along with the grand canal and major cities. It is an excellent visual comparison.
Source of Class No. 3 “A Period of Unprecedented Growth” quote: Cross-Cultural Trade in World History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), 109, as quoted in David Northrup, “Globalization and the Great Convergence: Rethinking World History in the Long Term,” Journal of World History 16, no. 3 (2005): 258.