Dr. Rex Koontz from the University of Houston reflects on what two animal figurines in the collection may represent. While animals may be identified through facial structure, there is no certainty as to the exact use intended by their creators. Ancient cultures do not always document their practices in ways that have survived or are readily understandable to us, so we must not be presumptive. Dr. Koontz reminds us that while it is valuable to know what is being represented, it is more important to respect Indigenous cultures than be definitive in their histories.

 Pre-Columbian ceramic animal figurine heads.