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Constitutional Law
First Amendment
Education Law
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Legal Issues in Higher Education
Constitutional Law

J.D. - 1985, University of Michigan Law School
M.P.H. - 1980, University of Michigan School of Public Health
Ph.D. - 1971, University of California at Berkeley
M.A. - 1969, University of California at Berkeley
B.A. - 1967, University of California at Berkeley

Sample Publications

2010: "U.S. Employment Discrimination Cases: Does Race/Gender Matter?" Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 787-798 (2010). (Co-authors: Andre Honoree, David Terpstra) (Discipline based research)

2010: "The 2008 Amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act: Implications for Student Affairs Practitioners." Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, vol. 47(1), pp. 63-77 (2010). (Co-authors: Lisa A. Burke, Michelle Rigler) (Discipline based research)

2009: “High Cost of Higher Ed: Fast Rise in College Cost Driven by Real Needs.” Chattanooga Times Free Press , February 22, 2009, pp. G1-2. (Discipline based research)

2008: “Education Roulette? Misguided Program Guarantees Students Will Lose Funding,” Chattanooga Times Free Press , February 17, 2008, pp. G1-2. (Discipline based research)

2007: “Is Justice Blind? Examining the Relationship Between Presidential Appointments of Judges and Outcomes in Employment Discrimination Cases,” Cumberland Law Review vol. 38, December 2007, pp. 89-99. (Co-author: Andre Honoree) (Discipline based research)

2007: “Impartial Justice? Judges’ Politics May Affect Litigants’ Chances in Court,” Chattanooga Times Free Press , December 16, 2007, pp. F1-2. (Co-author: Andre Honoree) (Discipline based research)

2007: “Accountants Considering Service as Corporate Directors: What You Should Know,” Journal of Accountancy , September 2007, pp. 52-57. (Co-author: Deborah Archambeault) (Discipline based research)

2006: Stretching the Definition of Academic Freedom. Inside Higher Ed, August 31, 2006, retrievable at

2002: Johnson v. The University of Georgia : Tailoring an Admissions Plan to Pass Constitutional Muster. Change, July/August 2002, pp. 41-44.

Professional Activities and Memberships
Admitted to the Michigan Bar, 1986
Admitted to practice: U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Michigan
U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit
U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
American Council on Education

Honors and Awards
Who’s Who Among America’s Teachers and Educators (2007)
Selected as University of Tennessee National Alumni Association Teacher of the Year, 2007-08
Phi Beta Kappa
Order of the Coif (Law Honor Society)
Ohio State University Student Council Award for Outstanding Teaching
Recipient of National Science Foundation Career Professional Development Award