Clinical Infectious Disease Control Research Unit


CDC - Antibiotic Resistance Solutions Intitiative


Recent Events

David Levine and Henry Spratt presented a seminar to the University of Tennessee Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology titled, “Healthcare-associated Infections and Prevention Strategies in Clinical Settings”, January 12, 2018 in Knoxville, TN.

Henry Spratt and David Levine gave a presentation on June 7 at the 2017 USPHS Scientific and Training Symposium entitled, "Healthcare-associated infections and prevention strategies for the rehabilitation professions."


Team Members

UTC Faculty

Henry Spratt, PhD (Biology, Geology, and Environmental Science)
Davy Giles, PhD (Biology, Geology, and Environmental Science)
Margaret Kovach, Ph.D (Biology, Geology, and Environmental Science) 
David Levine, PT, PhD, DPT (Physical Therapy)
Susan McDonald, Ed.D, OTR/L (Occupational Therapy)
Robyn Tobias MSN, NP-C (Nursing)
Randy Walker, PT, PhD (Physical Therapy)
Julie Bage, PT, DPT (Physical Therapy)


UTC Students

Robert Kropp, B.S, 2017
Leah Helton, B.S, 2016
Austin Vanover, B.S, 2017
Sarah Drake, OTD, 2017
Casey Klutz, OTD, 2017
Katie Duke, OTD, 2017
Heather Harmon, DPT, 2015
Brittany Rock, DPT, 2015
Zac Cooper, DPT, 2015
Allison Culp (BSN, 2019)
A. Grace Collier, B.S., 2016
Dacey Winkleman B.S., 2016
Colin Smith B.S., 2017
Erinn Kilpatrick B.S., 2017
Maddison Melchionna, B.S., 2017
Victoria Noyes (B.S., 2018)
Alex Pervis (B.S., 2018)
Katie Noonan (B.S., 2018)
Natalie Hawkins (B.S., 2018)
Ariel Seiber (B.S., 2019)

Local Partners

Mark Rowan, MD (UTCOM/Children’s Hospital-Erlanger)
Janara Huff, MD (UTCOM/Children’s Hospital-Erlanger) 
Sarah Harding, MD (UTCOM/Children’s Hospital-Erlanger)
Erin Reade, MD (UTCOM/Children’s Hospital-Erlanger)
Susan Berry, RN (UTCOM/Children’s Hospital-Erlanger)
Paige Klingborg, MD (UTCOM/Children’s Hospital-Erlanger)
Mark Brzezienski, MD (UTCOM/Erlanger)
Matthew Epps, MD (UTCOM/Erlanger)
Alan Kohrt, MD (UTCOM/Children’s Hospital-Erlanger)
Rachel Keilman, MD (UTCOM/Children’s Hospital-Erlanger)

Current Projects

The Efficacy of Antibacterial Saline Wash during Placement of Breast Prosthesis in Bacterial Load Reduction. Henry Spratt, PhD, Matthew Epps, MD, David Levine, PT, PhD, DPT, Mark Brzezienski, MD, Maddison Melchionna
Topical lotions utilized in outpatient rehabilitation clinics as a potential source of bacterial contamination. Henry G. Spratt, Jr., Ph.D., David Levine, PT, Ph.D., DPT, Julie Bage, PT, DPT, David Giles, Ph.D., A. Grace Collier, B.S.
Disinfection protocols for GelShot Ultrasound Retaining Clips. Henry G Spratt, Jr., Ph,D., David Levine, PT, Ph.D., DPT, Leah Helton, B.S.
Survival rates of three strains of potentially pathogenic bacteria on ultrasound heads, and the effectiveness of disinfectant agents on their survival. Henry G. Spratt, Jr., Ph.D., David Levine, PT, Ph.D., DPT, Susan McDonald, Ed.D, OTR/L
Potential for bacterial contamination as a result of dry needling (presented at the Tennessee Physiological Society, 2015). Henry Spratt, David Levine, Randy Walker, Robyn Tobias, Heather Harmon, Brittany Rock, Zac Cooper, Dacey Winkleman
Environmental factors related to nosocomial infection in hospital intensive care units in children hospitals: Assessment and recommendations for practice. Henry G. Spratt, Jr., Ph.D., David Levine, PT, Ph.D, DPT, David Giles, Ph.D., Alan Kohrt, M.D., Janara Huff, M.D., Mark Rowin, M.D., Erin Parrish Reade, M.D., Paige Klingborg, M.D., Sarah Harding, M.D., and Susan Berry RN, BSN, CIC.
Assessment of Potential Bacterial Contamination, and the Development of Disinfection Protocols for Audiology and Speech Pathology Clinics. This work is in collaboration with faculty in the Audiology and Speech Pathology Department at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN. Henry G. Spratt, Jr., Ph.D., David Levine, PT, Ph.D., DPT, Patti Johnstone, Ph.D.


Publications & Peer-Reviewed Research Presentations

Spratt, H. G., Jr., D. Levine, J. Bage, D. K. Giles, and A. G. Collier. 2018. Topical lotions utilized in outpatient rehabilitation clinics as a potential source of bacterial contamination. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. IN-PRESS.
Spratt, H. G., Jr., D. Levine, and L. Tillman. 2014. Physical therapy clinic therapeutic ultrasound equipment as a source for bacterial contamination. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 30(7), 507-511.
Poster Presentation at PT meeting in New Orleans, the OT study of survival of S. aureus on ultra sound heads.
Levine D, Spratt H, Boden S, Collier AG, Douglas S, Norris LA, Smith E. Topical Lotions and Creams Utilized in Outpatient Rehabilitation Clinics as a Potential Source of Bacterial Contamination. Proceedings of the American Physical Therapy Association Conference and Exposition, Nashville, TN, June 8-11, 2016. 
Levine D, Spratt H, Walker JR, Tobias R, Harmon H, Rock B, Cooper Z, Winkleman D. Dry Needling and the Potential for Bacterial Contamination. Poster presentation, Tennessee Physical Therapy Association Spring Meeting, 2015.
Spratt HG, Levine D, Tillman L. Physical therapy clinic therapeutic ultrasound equipment as a source for bacterial contamination. Abstracts of Annual Meeting, Association of southeastern Biologists, Athens, GA (Southeastern Biology 59:300), 2012.