Curriculum and Calendar 2010

Week I. July 6-13: Asserting Oneself through Negating the Other


Tuesday, 6 July: person sitting at desk

Evening Banquet. Welcome from David Ariel, President of the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies


Wednesday, 7 July:

Morning session and orientation (Irven M. Resnick)

Transfer to Bodleian library to obtain library cards


Thursday, 8 July (Jeremy Cohen):

  Morning session: Contours of the Jewish Experience in Medieval Christendom


Matthew, John, Galatians, Romans 1-11


David Biale, ed., Cultures of the Jews ( New York : Schocken Books, 2002): 389-516

  Afternoon session: St. Augustine and the Jew


Augustine, Against the Jews (Tractatus adversos Judaeos), in Saint Augustine , Treatises on Marriage and Other Subjects, Fathers of the Church, vol. 27 (Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1969): 387-414.

Augustine, City of God (De civitate Dei), books XVII-XVIII (full electronic text can be found at or

Jeremy Cohen, “Augustine’s Doctrine of Jewish Witness Revisited,” Journal of Religion 89 (2009): 564-578.

A. Lukyn Williams, Adversus Judaeos: A Bird’s Eye View of Christian Apologiae until the Renaissance (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1935): 282-292.


 Friday, 9 July: Jews as 'Other' in Early Medieval Europe (Jeremy Cohen)drawing of monk


Amnon Linder, The Jews in the Legal Sources of the Early Middle Ages (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1997): 257-332, 417-433

Robert Chazan, European Jewry and the First Crusade (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996): 243-297

Jeremy Cohen, Sanctifying the Name of God ( Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004): 13-30

Monday, 12 July: Monasticism and Spirituality in the Twelfth Century (Jeremy Cohen)


Bernard of Clairvaux. Letter 363, in The Letters of St. Bernard of Clairvaux, tr. Bruno Scott James (Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1953): 460-463.

Peter the Venerable, Letter 130 (5 pages, in typescript)

Hermann of Cologne, “A Short Account of His Own Conversion,” in Karl F. Morrison, ed., Conversion and Text (Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1992): 76-113.

Amos Funkenstein, Perceptions of Jewish History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993): 172-201

R.I. Moore, “Anti-Semitism and the Birth of Europe,” in Christianity and Judaism, ed. Diana Wood, Studies in Church History 29 (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1992): 33-57.


Tuesday, 13 July (Jeremy Cohen):

Morning session: The High Medieval Papacy


Solomon Grayzel, The Church and the Jews in the Thirteenth Century, rev. ed. (New York: Sepher Hermon Press, 1966): skim 296-299, 86-143, 306-313, 178-295 (in that order) read carefully letters 96, 104, and 119 with long note

Afternoon session: Missionaries, Theologians, and their Legacy


The Barcelona Disputation of 1263: Latin Report in translation, in Hyam Maccoby, Judaism on Trial (London: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 1993): 147-150

Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologiae 1-2.102.1-3; 2-2.10.1-6; 3.47.5

Recommended: John Y.B. Hood, Aquinas and the Jews (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995)


Wednesday, 14 July:

Informal Meetings and Research


Week II. July 15-20: Theology in Art and Images


Thursday, 15 July:   Rationalism and Theology from Anselm to Abelard (Irven Resnick)


Anselm of Canterbury, Cur Deus Homo (selections)

Odo of Tournai, A Disputation with a Jew, Leo

Peter Alfonsi, Dialogues with Moses the Jew (selections)

Peter Abelard, Dialogue of a Philosopher with a Jew and a Christian (selections)

Peter the Venerable, Against the Inveterate Hardness of the Jews (selections)


Friday, 16 July:  Signs of Otherness in Medieval Art and Literature: Jews in Romanesque and Gothic Art

Topics to be covered include the introduction of a Jewish iconography, visual typology, Synagoga personified.


Ruth Mellinkoff, “The round, cap-shaped hats on Jews in BM Cotton Claudius B .iv,” Anglo-Saxon England 2 (1973): 155-165.

Anna Abulafia, “An Eleventh-century Exchange of Letters Between a Christian and a Jew,” Journal of Medieval History 7 (1981): 153-174.

Suggested Additional Readings:

Michele Beaulieu, “Communication sur le prétendu bonnet juif,” Bulletin de la Société nationale des antiquaires de France (January, 1972): 29-44.

Elliott Horowitz, “Visages du Judaisme: De la barbe en monde juif et de l’élaboration de ses significations,” Annales HSS 49? (1994):1065-1090.

Robert Bartlett, “Symbolic Meanings of Hair in the Middle Ages,”  Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 6th series, 4 (1994): 43-60.

T.A. Heslop, “Worcester Cathedral Chapter House and the Harmony of the Testaments,” in Paul Binski and W. Noel, eds., New Offerings, Ancient Treasures: Essays in Medieval Art for George Henderson (Stroud, 2001), pp. 281-311.

Bernhard Blumenkranz, « "Synagoga" : mutations d’un motif de l’iconographie médiévale (Allemagne, 12e-15e siècles) ,» in Hellenica et Judaica, ed. A. Caquot et al. (Louvain and Paris, 1986), pp. 349-355.

Nina Rowe, “Synagoga tumbles, a rider triumphs : clerical views and the Fürstenportal of Bamberg Cathedral,” Gesta 45 (2006): 15-42.

Wolfgang S. Seiferth, Synagogue and Church in the Middle Ages: Two Symbols in Literature and Art (New York, 1970).


 Ecclesia and Synagoga, from Notre-Dame de Paris (3rd statue [from left to right] on the West Entrance)



Monday, 19 July:   Signs of Otherness.  Jews in Gothic Art, Continued Ecclesia and Synagoga, from Notre-Dame de Paris (3rd statue [from left to right] on the West Entrance)

Topics to be covered include anti-Jewish caricature, host desecration imagery, Passion iconography.


Debra Higgs Strickland, Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art (Princeton and Oxford, 2003), pp. 95-155.

Sara Lipton, “Where are the Gothic Jewish Women? On the Non-Iconography of the Jewess in the Cantigas de Santa Maria,” Jewish History 22 (2008): 139-177.

James Marrow, “Circumdederint me canes multi: Christ's Tormenters in Northern European Art of the Later Middle Ages,” Art Bulletin 59 (1977): 167-181.

Suggested Additional Readings:

Suzanne Lewis, "Tractatus Adversus Judaeos in the Gulbenkian Apocalypse,"Art Bulletin 68 (1986): 543-566.

Sara Lipton, Images of Intolerance, Chapters One and Two.

Diane Hughes, "Distinguishing Sign: Ear-rings, Jews, and Franciscan Rhetoric in the Italian Renaissance City," Past and Present 112 (1986): 3-59.

Michael Camille, The Gothic Idol, Chapter Four.


Tuesday, 20 July : Representations of Heresy and Witchcraft.

Topics include the visual conflation of Jews and heretics, heresy as disease, accusations of animal worship, sexual and gendered polemics, images of the devil.

Morning Session


Sara Lipton, Images of Intolerance, Chapter Four.

Dorinda Neave, "The Witch in 16th Century German Art," Woman's Art Journal 9:1 (1988): 3-9.

Suggested Additional Readings:

Walter Cahn, "Heresy and the Interpretation of Romanesque Art," in Romanesque and Art. Ed. Neil Stratford, pp. 27-33.

“She-man: Visual Representations of Witchcraft and Sexuality in Sixteenth-Century Europe,” in Venus and Mars: Traditions of Love and War in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, ed. Andrew Lynch and Philippa Maddern (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1995), pp. 147-90.

Charles Zika, “Cannibalism and Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe: Reading the Visual Images,” History Workshop Journal 44 (1997): 77-105.

Charles Zika, The Appearance of Witchcraft: Print and Visual Culture in Sixteenth-Century Europe (London: Routledge, 2007).

Linda Hults, “Baldung and the Witches of Freiburg: The Evidence of Images,” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 18 (1987): 249-76.

Henry Kraus, The Living Theatre of Medieval Art.

Elizabeth Pastan, “Tam Haereticos Quam Judaeos: Shifting Symbols in the Glazing of Troyes Cathedral,” Word and Image 10 (1994): 66-83.


Afternoon Session - The Non-European Other

Depictions of Muslims and Africans.


Robert Bartlett, “Illustrating Ethnicity in the Middle Ages,” in The Origins of Racism in the West, ed. Miriam Eliav Feldon et al. (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 132–156.

Debra Higgs Strickland, Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art (Princeton and Oxford, 2003), pp. 157-209.

Suggested Additional Readings:

Michael Camille, The Gothic Idol, Chapter Three.

Paul Kaplan, "Black Africans in Hohenstaufen Art," Gesta 26.1(1987): 29-36.

William Chester Jordan, "The Last Tormenter of Christ," Jewish Quarterly Review 78 (1987): 21-47.

Jean Devisse, The Image of the Black in Western Art (Cambridge, 1979).


Wednesday, 21 July:   Informal Meetings and Research


Week III. July 22- 27: Public Disputations and Literary Polemics


  Thursday, 22 July: The Beginnings of the Jewish Critique of Christianity (Daniel Lasker)


Lasker, Daniel J., and Sarah Stroumsa, The Polemic of Nestor the Priest. Jerusalem, 1996, vol. 1, pp. 13-89.

Saadia Gaon, The Book of Beliefs and Opinions, trans. by Samuel Rosenblatt, New Haven, 1948, pp. 103-110; 157-167; 312-322.

Recommended Readings:

Herford, R. Travers. Christianity in Talmud and Midrash. different editions; pp. 35-96.

Lasker, Daniel J., "The Jewish Critique of Christianity under Islam," Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research 57 (1991): 121-153


  Friday, 23 July: The Transition of the Jewish critique of Christianity to Christendom. (Daniel Lasker)


Kimhi, Joseph, The Book of the Covenant, trans. F. Talmage, Toronto, 1972.

Lasker, Daniel J. “Jewish-Christian Polemics in Transition: From the Lands of Ishmael to the Lands of Edom,” in Benjamin Hary, et al., eds., Judaism and Islam: Boundaries, Interaction, and Communication. Leiden, 2000, pp. 53-65.

______  Jewish-Christian Polemics at the Turning Point: Jewish Evidence from the Twelfth Century, Harvard Theological Review 89:2 (1996): 161-173.

Recommended Readings:

Berger, David, "Mission to the Jews and Jewish-Christian Contacts in the Polemical Literature of the High Middle Ages," The American Historical Review 91:3 (June, 1986): 576-591.

Lasker, Daniel J., and Sarah Stroumsa eds. and trans. The Polemic of Nestor the Priest. 2 vols.; Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institute for the Study of Jewish Communities in the East, 1996. Vol. 1, pp. 93-131.


  Monday, 26 July: Public Disputations and Philosophical Polemics (Daniel Lasker)


Maccoby, Hyam, trans. Judaism on Trial: Jewish-Christian Disputations in the Middle Ages. Rutherford, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1982. Pp. 97-167.

Recommended Readings:

Chazan, Robert. Barcelona and Beyond: the Disputation of 1263 and its Aftermath. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. (selections)

______ Daggers of Faith: Thirteenth-Century Christian Missionizing and the Jewish Response. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989. (selections)


  Tuesday, 27 July: Public Disputations and Philosophical Polemics (Daniel Lasker)


Crescas, Hasdai, The Refutation of the Christian Principles. Trans. Daniel J. Lasker. Albany: State University of New York, 1992. (selections)

Recommended Readings:

Lasker, Daniel J., "Averroistic Trends in Jewish-Christian Polemics in the Late Middle Ages," Speculum 55:2 (1980): 294-304.

 ______"Transubstantiation, Elijah's Chair, Plato, and the Jewish-Christian Debate," Revue des Etudes Juives 143:1-2 (January-June, 1984): 31-58.


  Wednesday, 28 July: Informal meetings and Research


Week IV. 29 July-3 August: the Jews of EnglandSt. William of Norwich (15th C. Anon. Rood Screen painting; Saint Peter and Paul, Eye, Suffolk.

  Thursday, 29 July:  The First Century of Anglo-Jewry


 Morning Session:  Norman Jews in England, 1066-1154

Richard Huscroft, Expulsion:  England’s Jewish Solution (2006), pp. 11-37

R.C. Stacey, “Jewish Lending and the Medieval English Economy,” in A Commercialising Economy:  England 1086 to c. 1300, ed. R.H. Britnell and B.M.S. Campbell (Manchester Univ. Press, 1995), pp. 78-88.

Afternoon Session:  The Ritual Crucifixion Charge Emerges

Thomas of Monmouth: The Life and Miracles of St. William of Norwich, ed. A. Jessop and M.R. James (Cambridge, 1895), Books I and II only

R. C.  Stacey, “People and Places in The Life of St William of Norwich” (unpublished essay)


 Friday, 30 July:  The Angevin Transformation

Morning Session: The Angevin Era Begins, 1054-1199

Huscroft, Expulsion, pp. 38-81

Stacey, “Jewish Lending and the Economy,” in A Commercialising Economy, pp. 88-97

R.C. Stacey, “Jews and Christians in 12th Century England:  Some Dynamics of a Changing Relationship,” in Jews and Christians in Twelfth-Century Europe, ed. M.A. Signer and J. Van Engen (Notre Dame Univ. Press, 2001), pp. 340-54

R. C. Stacey, “Jews and the Law in England, 1154-1216”  (unpublished essay)


Monday, 2 August:  The 13th Century Crisis

Morning Session Only:

Huscroft, Expulsion, pp. 82-111

R.C. Stacey, “The English Jews under Henry III,” in The Jews in Medieval Britain:  Historical, Literary and Archaeological Perspectives, ed. Patricia Skinner (Boydell, 2003), pp. 41-54

R.C. Stacey, “1240-1260:  A Watershed in Anglo-Jewish Relations?” Historical Research 61 (1988), pp. 135-50.

R.C. Stacey, “The Conversion of Jews to Christianity in 13th Century England,” Speculum 67 (1992), pp. 263-83.


Tuesday, 3 August:  Antisemitism and Expulsion (Robert Stacey)

Morning Session:  Antisemitism

“The Passion of Adam of Bristol,” English translation (to be provided) of an untranslated ritual crucifixion tale from 13th century England.

R.C. Stacey, “Antisemitism and the Medieval English State,” in The Medieval English State:  Essays Presented to James Campbell, ed. J.R. Maddicott and D.M. Palliser (Hambledon Press, 2000), pp. 163-77

Anthony Bale, “Fictions of Judaism in England before 1290,” in Jews in Medieval Britain, pp. 129-44.

Afternoon Session:  Expulsion

Huscroft, Expulsion, pp. 112-164

R.C. Stacey, “Jewish Lending and the Economy,” in A Commercialising Economy, pp. 98-101

R.C. Stacey, “Parliamentary Negotiation and the Expulsion of the Jews from England,” in Thirteenth Century England VI,. ed. R.H. Britnell, R. Frame, and M. Prestwich (Boydell Press, 1997), pp. 77-101.


Wednesday, 4 August:  A Walking Tour of Medieval Jewish Oxford (Optional)

 Participants may wish to read Cecil Roth, The Jews of Medieval Oxford (Oxford:  Clarendon Press, 1951), pp. 1-168, in preparation for this tour.

Week V. August 5-10: Jews in Later Medieval English Literature


Thursday, 5 August:  (Anthony Bale)

Morning session:

The Establishment of a Cultural Stereotype: Early English Stereotypes

Cecil Roth, Essays and Portraits in Anglo-Jewish History (Philadelphia, 1962), pp. 22-5

Michael Camille, The Gothic Idol (Cambridge, 1992), pp. 182-5

Frank Felsenstein, ‘Jews and devils: antisemitic stereotypes in late medieval and Renaissance England’, Literature and Theology 4 (1990): 15-28

Willis Johnson, ‘Textual sources for the study of Jewish currency crimes in thirteenth-century England’, British Numismatic Journal 66 (1997): 21-32

V. D. Lipman, The Jews of Medieval Norwich (London, 1967), esp. pp. 59-64.

Afternoon Session: (with travel to Chalgrove)

Reading the Jewish Image.

Frescoes (fourteenth-century) at Chalgrove church, near Oxford

‘Assumption of Mary’ play, in ed. Stephen Spector, The N-Town Plays (Oxford, 1991)

Stephen Shoemaker, ‘”Let us go and burn her body”: the image of the Jews in the Early Dormition Traditions’, Church History 66 (1999): 775-823.


Friday, 6 August:  (Anthony Bale)

Jewry and the Cult of the Saints

The zeal and death of St Stephen, Acts 6-8

Thomas of Monmouth: The Life and Miracles of St. William of Norwich, ed. A. Jessop and M.R. James (Cambridge, 1895), to p. 111.

John Lydgate, Praier to St Robert, in Anthony Bale, The Jew in the Medieval Book (Cambridge, 2006), appendix 1.

The ‘Jewish’ Boy and Sacramental Childhood.

Song of the Three Children, Daniel 3 (in Douay-Rheims bible)

Massacre of the Innocents, Matthew 2:15-20

‘The Jewish Boy’ from the Vernon Manuscript: text to the circulated

Geoffrey Chaucer, The Prioress’s Prologue and Tale in ed. Larry D. Benson, The Riverside Chaucer (Oxford, 1987)

Miri Rubin, Gentile Tales: The Narrative Assault on Late Medieval Jews, 2nd ed. (Philadelphia, 2004), pp. 1-39

C. F. O’Meara, ‘In the hearth of the virginal womb: the iconography of the holocaust in late medieval art’, Art Bulletin 63 (1981): 75-88.


Monday, 9 August: (Anthony Bale)

Gender and Jewish Difference.

‘The Jew’s Daughter’ from The Alphabet of Tales: text to be circulated

Lisa Lampert, Gender and Jewish Difference from Paul to Shakespeare (Philadelphia, 2002), chapter 1 (‘Made, Not Born’, pp. 1-21)

Judith Baskin, ‘Jewish Women in the Middle Ages’, in ed. J. R. Baskin, Jewish Women in Historical Perspective, 2nd ed. (Detroit, 1998), pp. 101-128.

Suzanne Bartlet, ‘Women in the medieval Anglo-Jewish community’, in ed. Patricia Skinner, Jews in Medieval Britain (Woodbridge, 2003), pp. 113-128

I.M. Resnick, “Medieval Roots of the Myth of Jewish Male Menses,” Harvard Theological Review 93 (2000): 241-63.

Tuesday, 10 August: Concluding sessions (Irven Resnick)


Wednesday, 11 August: Departures


Texts recommended for review before the beginning of the institute

  • Abulafia, Anna Sapir. Christians and Jews in the Twelfth Century Renaissance. London; New York: Routledge, 1995. ISBN: 0415000122.
  • Cohen, Jeremy. Living Letters of the Law: Ideas of the Jew in Medieval Christianity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. ISBN: 0520216806
  • Cohen, Jeremy, ed.  From Witness to Witchcraft: Jews and Judaism in Medieval Christian Thought. Wolfenbutteler Mittelalter-Studien, Bd. 11. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1996. (essays from parts 1 and 4)
  • Moore, R.I. The Formations of a Persecuting Society: Power and Deviance in Western Europe, 950-1250. Oxford, New York: B. Blackwell, 1987. ISBN: 0631171452.
  • Lasker, Daniel J.  Jewish Philosophical Polemics Against Christianity. 2nd ed.  Oxford ; Portland, Or.: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2007. ISBN: 978-1904113515

  • Berger, David. The Jewish-Christian Debate in the High Middle Ages. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1979. Introduction. ISBN: 0827601042.
  • Roth, Cecil. The Jews of Medieval Oxford. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1951.