JR Clark

J.R. Clark, Ph.D.
Scott L. Probasco, Jr. Distinguished Chair of Free Enterprise
Email: J-Clark@utc.edu
Phone: 423-425-4118
Office: Fletcher Hall 313


Ph.D., 1974, Virginia Polytechnic Institute

M.A., 1972, Virginia Polytechnic Institute

B.S., 1970, Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Finance

Public Choice

Managerial Economics

Lifetime Research and Creative Achievement Award, 2017, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Lifetime Research and Creative Achievement Award, 2016/17, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, College of Business

Outstanding Research Award, 2016, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Outstanding Research Award, 1991, The University of Tennessee at Martin

2018:  "The Growth of Government, Trust in Government, and Evidence on Their Coevolution," Journal of Economics and Finance, DOI: 10.1007/s12197-018-9453-y, with Gordon, Steven and Garen, John.

2017:  "Can Behavioral Economists Improve Economic Rationality?" Public Choice, DOI: 10.1008/s11127-017-0487-z, with Lee, Dwight.

2017:  “Taxation in the Liberal Tradition,” Review of Austrian Economics, DOI: 10:1007/s1138-017-0399-7, with Lawson, Robert.

2017:  “Tax Reform as a Discovery Process,” For Your Own Good: Taxes, Paternalism, and Fiscal Discrimination in the Twenty-First Century, edited by Adam J. Hoffer and Todd Nesbit, Arlington, Virginia: Mercatus Center at George Mason University, Chapter 13, pp. 289-302, with Lee, Dwight R.

2018:  “The Crucial Role of Financial Intermediaries for Facilitating Trade Among Strangers,” Review of Austrian Economics, doi.org/10.1007/s11138-018-0429-0, with Stringham, Edward.

2018:  "Immigrant Ethnic Composition and the Adoption of Women’s Suffrage in the United States," in Public Choice Analyses of American Economic History, edited by Joshua Hall and Marcus Witcher,  doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95819-4_8, Chapter 8, pp. 167-178, with Wong, Crystal and Hall, Joshua.

2018:  “The Brennan-Lomasky Test of Expressive Voting:  When Impressive Probability Differences Are Meaningless,” Economies, DOI: 10.3390/economies6030051, with Lee, Dwight R.

2018:  “Regulatory Burden and Business Dynamics: A Preliminary Analysis,” Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, DOI: 10.1108/JEPP/D-18-00027, with Nesbit, Todd.

2018:  "Understanding Bitcoin:  Money, Asset, or Bubble?" Social Education, March/April 2018, Vol. 82, No. 2, pp. 79-82, with Niederjohn, M. Scott and Wood, William C.

forthcoming:  "The Political Paradox of Economic Freedom," Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice, with Lee, Dwight R.

forthcoming:  "The Questionable Morality of Compromising the Influence of Public Choice by Embracing a 'Nobel' Lie," book chapter in James M. Buchanan:  A Theorist of Political Economy and Social Philosophy, by Richard Wagner, with Lee, Dwight R.

2017:  “The ‘Minimal’ State Reconsidered:  Governance on the Margin,” Review of Austrian Economics, DOI: 10/1007/s11138-017-0400-5, with Powell, Benjamin.

2017: "Does Mass Immigration Destroy Institutions?  1990s Israel as a Natural Experiment,"  Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization,  doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2017.06.008, with Powell, Benjamin and Nowrasteh, Alex.

2017: "The Use of Knowledge in Technology Entrepreneurship: A Theoretical Foundation," Review of Austrian Economics, with Sobel, Russell.  

2017: “Teaching and Measuring the Economic Way of Thinking,” Innovations in Economics Education:  Promising Practices for Teachers and Students K-16, edited by Mary Beth Henning, New York, NY: Taylor & Francis Group, pp. 103-121, with Harrison, Ashley S., Schug, Mark C.  

2017: “Too Inexpensive to Be Inexpensive: How Government Censorship Increases Costs by Disguising Them," Explorations in Public Sector Economics, edited by Joshua Hall, Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing AG, pp. 35-50, with Lee, Dwight R.  

2017: “Econ 101 Morality:  The Amiable, the Mundane and the Market," Econ Journal Watch, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 61-76, with Lee, Dwight R.   

2017: "The Relative Value of AER P&P Economic Education Papers," Journal of Economics and Finance Education, Fall 2017, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 11-19, with Hall, Joshua C. and Harrison, Ashley S.

2017: "The Economics of Brexit," Social Education, Vol. 81, No. 2, pp. 84-87, with Niederjohn, Scott and Harrison, Ashley S.

2016: “Economic Freedom and Real Income,” The Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, June 2016, Vol. 46, Number 1, pp. 52-59, with Foley, Maggie. 

2016: “Will the Economy Pick the Next President?” Social Education, Vol. 80, #2, March/April 2016, pp. 96-100, with Niederjohn, Scott M. and Harrison, Ashley S.   

2016: “Jack Soper:  A Pioneer in Economic Education,” Journal of Private Enterprise, Spring 2016, Vol. 31, Issue 1, pp. 91-100, with Hall, Joshua C. & Harrison, Ashley S. 

2016: “Dangling at the Abyss:  How Deadweight Costs and Political Attitudes May Prevent (or Induce) Collapse,” Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice, Vol. XXXII, 1-3, 2014, pp. 3-23 actually published March 2016, with Garen, John.   

2016: "The Impact of Higher Quality Government Regulation of Business and Greater Economic Freedom on the Growth and Level of Living Standards: Evidence from OECD Nations,” Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, Spring 2016, Vol. 3, Issue 1, pp. 82-94, with Cebula, Richard and Rossi, Fabrizio. 

2015: “Is Bitcoin the Money of the Future?” Social Education, Vol. 79, No. 2, March-April 2015, pp. 94-97 with Niederjohn, M. Scott and Harrison, Ashley S. 

2015: “In Remembrance of Gordon Tullock,” Public Choice, Vol. 162, No. 3-4, March 2015, pp. 225-227 with Lee, Dwight R. 

2014: “The Effects of Economic Freedom, Regulatory Quality, and Taxation on the Level of Per Capita Real Income: A Preliminary Analysis for OECD Nations and Non-G8 OECD Nations,” Applied Economics, Vol. 46, No. 31-33, November 2014 pp. 3836-3849 with Cebula, Richard J. 

2014: “Freedom and Economic Education: Jim Gwartney at the Crossroads,” The Annual Proceedings of the Wealth and Well-Being of Nations, Upton Forum, Vol. VI, 2013- 2014, pp. 67-81.  

2014: “Buchanan and Tullock Ignore Their Own Contributions to Expressive Voting,” Public Choice, Vol. 161, No. 1-2, October 2014, pp. 113-8, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2014: “Preference Formation, Choice Sets, and the Creative Destruction of Preferences,” The Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 55-74, with Sobel, Russell S. 

2014: “A Presidential Tribute to James M. Buchanan: In Appreciation of the Man, His Work, and His Example,” Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 80, No. 4, pp. 905-911, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2013: “The Problem with the Holdout Problem,” Review of Law & Economics, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 151-167, with Lopez, Edward J. 

2013: “Battling the Forces of Darkness: How Can Economic Freedom Be Effectively Taught in the Pre-College Curriculum?” The Journal of Private Enterprise, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 87-100, with Harrison, Ashley S. and Schug, Mark C. 

2013: “An Extension of the Tiebout Hypothesis of Voting with One’s Feet,” Applied Economics, Vol. 45, No. 32, pp. 4539-4547, with Cebula, Richard J. 

2013: “The Impact of Economic Freedom on Per Capita Real GDP: A Study of OECD Nations,” The Journal of Regional Analysis & Policy, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 34-41, with Cebula, Richard J. and Mixon, Jr., Franklin G.  

2013: “Sweatshop Working Conditions and Employee Welfare: Say It Ain’t Sew,” Comparative Economic Studies, Vol. 55, No. 2, pp. 343-357, with Powell, Benjamin. 

2013: “Market Failures, Government Solutions, and Moral Perceptions,” Cato Journal, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 287-297, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2012: “The Impact of The Calculus of Consent,” in Public Choice, Past and Present: The Legacy of James M. Buchanan and Gordon Tullock, edited by Dwight R. Lee, New York: Springer, Chapter 1, pp. 1-16, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2012: “The Case for Growth,” in Freedom and Prosperity in Tennessee, edited by J.R. Clark, Chapter 1, pp. 1-15, with Sobel, Russell S. and Leguizamon, Susane J. 

2012: “The Sources of Economic Growth,” in Freedom and Prosperity in Tennessee, edited by J.R. Clark, Chapter 2, pp. 17-45, with Sobel, Russell S. and Hall, Joshua C.  

2012: “Why Capitalism Works,” in Freedom and Prosperity in Tennessee, edited by J.R. Clark, Chapter 3, pp. 47-67, with Sobel, Russell S. and Leeson, Peter T. 

2012: “An Economic Analysis of the Effects of Fair-Trade with Rumination on the Popularity of Economists,” Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice, Vol. 28, No. 2-3, 2010 (published 2012), pp. 133-145, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2012: “Beyond Kelly Green Golf Shoes: Evaluating the Demand for Scholarship of Free-Market and Mainstream Economists,” The American Journal of Economics & Sociology, Vol. 71, No. 5, 2012, pp. 1169-1184, with Miller-Wilford, Jennifer and Stringham, Edward Peter. 

2012: “Lessons from the Experience of OEDC Nations on Macroeconomic Growth and Economic Freedom, 2004-2008,” International Review of Economics, Vol. 59, No. 3, 2012, pp. 231-243, with Cebula, Richard J. 

2011: “Migration, Economic Freedom, and Personal Freedom: An Empirical Analysis,” The Journal of Private Enterprise, Vol. 27, No. 1, Fall 2011, pp. 43-62, with Cebula, Richard J. 

2011: “Shrinking Leviathan: Can the Interaction Between Interests and Ideology Slice Both Ways?” The Independent Review, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 221-36, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2011: “The Impact of Economic Growth, Tax Policy and Economic Freedom on Income Inequality,” Economic Freedom: Causes and Consequences, edited by Joshua C. Hall and Robert A. Lawson, Nova Science Publishers: New York, pp. 121-7, with Lawson, Robert A. 

2011: “The Current Status of Free Enterprise Chairs and Professorships in Academe,” The Journal of Private Enterprise, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 15-46, with Harrison, Ashley S. and Hobbs, Bradley K. 

2011: “Morality of Markets: Classroom and Conscience,” Teaching Economics in Troubled Times: Theory and Practice for Secondary Social Studies, edited by Mark C. Schug and William C. Wood, New York: Routledge, pp. 79-94, with Schug, Mark C. 

2011: “Markets and Morality,” Cato Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 1-25, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2010: Internalizing Externalities Through Private Zoning: The Case of Walt Disney Company’s Celebration, Florida,” Journal of Regional Analysis & Policy, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 96-103, with Stringham, Edward P. and Miller, Jennifer K.  

2010: “Examining the Hayek-Friedman Hypothesis on Economic and Political Freedom,” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Vol. 74, pp. 230-239, with Lawson, Robert A.  

2010: “Suppressing Liberty, Censoring Information, Wasting Resources, and Calling It Good for the Environment,” Natural Resources, the Environment, and Human Welfare, edited by Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller, Jr., and Jeffrey Paul, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, with Lee, Dwight R.  

2009: “Suppressing Liberty, Censoring Information, Wasting Resources, and Calling It Good for the Environment,” Social Philosophy and Policy, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 272-295, with Lee, Dwight R.  

2009: “Recent Trends and New Evidence in Economics and Finance Education,” Journal of Economics and Finance Education, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 1-10, with Schug, Mark C. and Harrison, Ashley S.  

2009: “Are High School Economics Teachers the Same as Other Social Studies Teachers: The Results of a National Survey,” Social Education, Vol. 73, No. 2, March 2009, pp. 71-75, with Schug, Mark C. and Dieterle, David A.  

2008: “Censoring and Destroying Information in the Information Age,” Cato Journal, Vol. 28, No. 3, Fall 2008, pp. 421-434, with Lee, Dwight.  

2008: “The Impact of Tax Policy on Economic Growth and Income Inequality,” The Journal of Private Enterprise, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 23-31, with Lawson, Robert A.  

2008: “Are Regulations the Answer for Emerging Stock Markets? Evidence from the Czech Republic and Poland,” Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Vol. 48, No.  3, pp. 541-566, with Boettke, Peter and Stringham, Edward. 

2008: “Government Transfers and Inequality: An Anatomy of Political Failure,” Journal of Public Finance and Management, Vol. 8, No. 2, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2007: “To Whom Does Wealth Belong? An Economic Perspective,” Journal of Lutheran Ethics, Vol. 7, No. 9, with Lawson, Robert A. 

2007: “Freedom, Barriers to Entry, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Progress,” Review of Austrian Economics, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 221-226, with Sobel, Russell S. and Lee, Dwight R. 

2006: “Why Workers Should Want to Pay More for Social Security,” Economic Inquiry, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 753 – 758 with Lee, Dwight R. 

2006: “The Poverty of Politics: How Income Redistribution Hurts the Poor,” Atlantic Economic Journal, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 47-62, with Tullock, Gordon and Levy, Leon S. "Reply to Kurt Rothschild," Atlantic Economic Journal, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 495 – 496 with Tullock, Gordon. 

2006: “Expressive Voting: How Special Interest Enlist Their Victims as Political Allies,” Beyond Conventional Economics, edited by Giuseppe Eusepi and Alan Hamlin, Northampton, Maine: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc., pp. 17-32, with Lee, Dwight R.  

2006: “Freedom, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Progress,” The Journal of Entrepreneurship, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp.1 -17 with Lee, Dwight R. 

2005: “Economic Freedom of the World, 2002,” The Independent Review, Vol. IX, No. 4,  with Lawson, Robert A. and Gwartney, James D.  

2005: “Leadership, Prisoners' Dilemmas, and Politics,” Cato Journal, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 379-397, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2005: “The Increasing Difficulty of Reversing Government Growth,” The Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice, Rome, Italy, 2003-2/3, pp. 153 - 156, actual publication date, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2004: “Global Warming and Its Dangers,” The Independent Review, Vol. VIII, No. 4, with Lee, Dwight R.  

2003: “Trust in Government as a Constitutional Consequence,” The Journal of Private Enterprise, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 1 - 21, with Lee, Dwight R.  

2003: “Regulating Government,” The Encyclopedia of Public Choice, edited by Charles K. Rowley and Friedrich Schneider, Norwell, Massachusetts: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 482 – 484, with Lee, Dwight R.  

2002: “The Nobel Lie: An Argument for Constitutional Constraints,” Methods and Morals in Constitutional Economics: Essays in Honor of James M. Buchanan, edited by Geoffrey Brennan, Hartmut Kliemt, and Robert Tollison, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 196 – 212, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2001: “Is Trust in Government Compatible with Trustworthy Government,” The Elgar Companion to Public Choice, edited by William F. Shughart II and Laura Razzolini, Northhampton, Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, pp. 479 – 493, with Lee, Dwight R. 

2001: “Economics for the Heart and the Head,” The International Journal of Social Education, Vol. 16, pp. 45-54, with Schug, Mark C. 

2001: “The Optimal Trust in Government,” Eastern Economic Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 19-34, with Lee, Dwight R.