Sir Robert Peel's Nine Principles of Policing establish the foundation for modern law enforcement:
- The basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder.
- The ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon the public approval of police actions.
- Police must secure the willing co-operation of the public in voluntary observation of the law to be able to secure and maintain the respect of the public.
- The degree of co-operation of the public that can be secured diminishes proportionately to the necessity of the use of physical force.
- Police seek and preserve public favor not by catering to public opinion, but by constantly demonstrating absolute impartial service to the law.
- Police use physical force to the extent necessary to secure observance of the law or to restore order only when the exercise of persuasion, advice, and warning is found to be insufficient.
- Police, at all times, should maintain a relationship with the public that gives reality to the historic tradition that the police are the public and the public are the police; the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full-time attention to duties which are incumbent upon every citizen in the interests of community welfare and existence.
- Police should always direct their action strictly towards their functions, and never appear to usurp the powers of the judiciary.
- The test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder, not the visible evidence of police action in dealing with it.
Crime Prevention Programs
The following programs are designed to reduce opportunities for crime:
- Student Programs: All new students attend orientation. University police officers present information on campus crime statistics and crime prevention. At the beginning of each fall semester, the residence halls distribute handouts on crime prevention.
- Student groups may invite university police officers to speak on various crime and safety-related issues. Crime prevention programs are available on campus crime, sexual assault, alcohol and drug awareness, self-defense, walking safety, bicycle security, and campus watch.
- The University Police sponsors the Rape Aggression Defense (R.A.D.) course for women on campus in order to “develop and enhance the options of self-defense, so they may become viable considerations to the woman who is attacked." These courses are held at different times throughout the year and provide women a chance to develop awareness and risk reduction strategies along with physical defense techniques.
- Employee Programs: New faculty and staff attend an orientation at which campus crime statistics and crime prevention are discussed. Crime prevention information and handouts are part of all Employee Resource Fairs, which are held three to four times a year. Employee groups may request university police officers to give presentations on safety similar to the presentation available to students.