Curriculum and Calendar 2006
Professor Miri Rubin (Queen Mary-University of London)
Professor Jeremy Cohen (Tel Aviv University)
Professor Daniel J. Lasker, Norbert Blechner Professor of Jewish Values (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)
Associate Professor Sara Lipton (SUNY-Stony Brook)
Professor Robert Stacey (University of Washington)
Professor Irven Resnick (University of Tennessee, Chattanooga)
Texts recommended for review before the beginning of the institute
- Abulafia, Anna Sapir. Christians and Jews in the Twelfth Century Renaissance. London; New York: Routledge, 1995. ISBN: 0415000122.
- Chazan, Robert. Daggers of Faith: Thirteenth-Century Christian Missionizing and the Jewish Response. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.
- Cohen, Jeremy. Living Letters of the Law: Ideas of the Jew in Medieval Christianity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. ISBN: 0520216806
- Cohen, Jeremy, ed. From Witness to Witchcraft: Jews and Judaism in Medieval Christian Thought. Wolfenbutteler Mittelalter-Studien, Bd. 11. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1996. (essays from parts 1 and 4)
- Moore, R.I. The Formations of a Persecuting Society: Power and Deviance in Western Europe, 950-1250. Oxford, New York: B. Blackwell, 1987. ISBN: 0631171452.
- Lasker, Daniel J. Jewish Philosophical Polemics Against Christianity. New York: KTAV, 1977. ISBN: 0870684981.
- Berger, David. The Jewish-Christian Debate in the High Middle Ages. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1979. Introduction. ISBN: 0827601042.
- Hood, John Y. B. Aquinas and the Jews. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. ISBN 0812215230.
Week I. July 11-18 Asserting Oneself through Negating the Other
Tuesday, 11 July: Evening Gathering
Thursday, 13 July (Jeremy Cohen):
Morning session: Contours of the Jewish Experience in Medieval Christendom
- Matthew, John, Galatians, Romans 1-11
- Recommended: David Biale, ed., Cultures of the Jews ( New York : Schocken Books, 2002): 389-516
Afternoon session: St. Augustine and the Jew
- Augustine, Against the Jews (Tractatus adversos Judaeos), in Saint Augustine , Treatises on Marriage and Other Subjects, Fathers of the Church, vol. 27 (Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1969): 387-414
- Augustine, City of God (De civitate Dei), books XVII-XVIII (full electronic text can be found at http://www.ccel.org/fathers/NPNF1-02 or http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/1201.htm)
- Jeremy Cohen, Living Letters of the Law (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999): 23-65
Friday, 14 July: Jews as 'Other' in Early Medieval Europe(Jeremy Cohen)
- Amnon Linder, The Jews in the Legal Sources of the Early Middle Ages (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1997): 257-332, 417-433
- Robert Chazan, European Jewry and the First Crusade (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996): 243-297
- Jeremy Cohen, Sanctifying the Name of God ( Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004): 13-30
Monday, 17 July: Monasticism and Spirituality in the Twelfth Century (Jeremy Cohen)
- Bernard of Clairvaux. Letter 363, in The Letters of St. Bernard of Clairvaux, trs. Bruno Scott James (Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1953): 460-463.
- Peter the Venerable, Letter 130 (5 pages, in typescript)
- Hermann of Cologne , A Short Account of His Own Conversion, in Karl F. Morrison, ed., Conversion and Text (Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1992): 76-113.
- Amos Funkenstein, Perceptions of Jewish History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993): 172-201
- R.I. Moore, “Anti-Semitism and the Birth of Europe ,” in Christianity and Judaism. Papers Read at the 1991 Summer Meeting and the 1992 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society, ed. Diana Wood (Blackwell Publishers, 1992): 33-57.
Tuesday, 18 July (Jeremy Cohen):
Morning session: The High Medieval Papacy
- Solomon Grayzel, The Church and the Jews in the Thirteenth Century, rev. ed. (New York, 1966): skim 296-299, 86-143, 306-313, 178-295 (in that order) read carefully letters 96, 104 119 with long note
- The Barcelona Disputation of 1263: Latin Report in translation, in Hyam Maccoby, Judaism on Trial ( London , 1993): 147-150
- Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae 1-2.102.1-3; 2-2.10.1-6; 3.47.5 http://www.ccel.org/a/aquinas/summa/home.html
Wednesday, 19 July: Informal Meetings
Week II. July 20-26
- Anselm of Canterbury, Cur Deus Homo (selections; full e-text available at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/anselm-curdeus.html)
- Odo of Tournai, A Disputation with a Jew, Leo (all)
- Peter Alfonsi, Dialogue Against the Jews (selections)
Friday, 21 July: Signs of Otherness in Medieval Art and Literature (Sara Lipton)
Jews in Gothic Art: Topics to be covered include typological iconography, identifying signs, Synagoga personified, host desecration imagery, Passion iconography.
- Suzanne Lewis, "Tractatus Adversus Judaeos in the Gulbenkian Apocalypse," Art Bulletin 68 (1986): 543-566.
- Sara Lipton, Images of Intolerance, Chapters One and Two.
- Michael Camille, The Gothic Idol, Chapter Four.
- Diane Hughes, "Distinguishing Sign: Ear-rings, Jews, and Franciscan Rhetoric in the Italian Renaissance City," Past and Present 112 (1986): 3-59.
- James Marrow, "Circumdederint me canes multi: Christ's Tormenters in Northern European Art of the Later Middle Ages," Art Bulletin.
- Geoffrey Chaucer, "The Prioress's Tale."
Monday, 24 July: Signs of Otherness. (Sara Lipton).
Jews in Gothic Art. (Continued)
Tuesday, 25 July: (Sara Lipton)
Morning session: Representations of Heresy and Witchcraft. Topics include the visual conflation of Jews and heretics, heresy as diseaser, accusations of animal worship, sexual and gendered polemics, images of the devil.
- Sara Lipton, Images of Intolerance, Chapters Four and Five
- Elizabeth Pastan, "Tam Haereticos Quam Judaeos: Shifting Symbols in the "Glazing of Troyes Cathedral," Word and Image 10 (1994): 66-83
- Walter Cahn, "Heresy and the Interpretation of Romanesque Art," in Romanesque and Art. Ed. Neil Stratford, pp. 27-33.
- Henry Kraus, The Living Theatre of Medieval Art.
- Dorinda Neave, "The Witch in 16th Century German Art."
Afternoon session: The Non-European Other. An examination of depictions of Muslims and Africans.
- Michael Camille, The Gothic Idol, Chapter Three.
- Paul Kaplan, "Black Africans in Hohenstaufen Art," Gesta, 26.
- The Song of Roland
- William Chester Jordan, "The Last Tormenter of Christ," Jewish Quarterly Review 78 (1987): 21-47.
Wednesday, 26 July: Informal Meetings
Week III. July 27-August 2
Thursday, 27 July: Animosity toward Jews and Popular Culture (Miri Rubin)
Morning Session: Jews at the Heart of a Christian Worldview, 1100-1250
- Anna Abulafia, Christians and Jews in the Twelfth-Century Renaissance, London : Routledge, 1995, introduction.
- Maureen Boulton, ‘Anti-Jewish attitudes in twelfth-century French literature’, in Jews and Christians in Twelfth-Century Europe, ed. Michael A. Singer and John Van Engen, Notre Dame Conferences in Medieval Studies, 10, (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2001), pp.234-54.
- Odo of Tournai, On original sin; and, A disputation with the Jew, Leo, concerning the Advent of Christ, the Son of God : two theological treatises; translated with an introduction and notes by Irven M. Resnick (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press , 1994). Familiarise yourselves with the Disputation.
- John Van Engen, ‘Ralph of Flaix: the Book of Leviticus Interpreted as Christian Community’, in Jews and Christians in Twelfth-Century Europe, ed. Michael A. Singer and John Van Engen, Notre Dame Conferences in Medieval Studies, 10, (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2001), pp.150-70.
- J A Watt, ‘Parisian Theologians and the Jews: Peter Lombard and Peter Cantor’, in The Medieval Church : Universities, Heresy, and the Religious Life, ed. Peter Biller and R B Dobson ( Woodbridge , 1999), pp.55-76.
Afternoon session: Narrative Assaults: Murders and Desecrations 1250-1350Read:
- Gavin I Langmuir, ‘Thomas of Monmouth: Detector of Ritual Murder’, Speculum 59(1984), pp.820-46.
- Miri Rubin,The narrative assault on late medieval Jews, London and new Haven (CN), 1999, chapters 1 and 2.
- Robert Stacey, ‘From Ritual Crucifixion to Host Desecration: Jews and the Body of Christ’, Jewish History 12(1998), pp.11-28.
- Debra Higgs Strickland, Saracens, Demons, and Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003), pp.95-157.
Friday, 28 July: Animosity toward Jews and Popular Culture (Miri Rubin)
- Geoffrey Chaucer, The Prologue to the Canterbury Tales and the Prioress’s Tale.
- James H Marrow, Passion iconography in Northern European art of the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance: a study of the transformation of sacred metaphor into descriptive narrative, Ars Neerlandica, 1 (Kortrijk : Van Ghemmert, 1979), chapter 1 and familiarise yourselves with the images that follow.
- Chapter 6 from Miri Rubin, Mary, forthcoming, 2006.
Monday, 31 July: Jewish-Christian Literary Polemics and Public Disputations. The Beginnings
of the Jewish
Critique of Christianity (Daniel Lasker)
- Lasker, Daniel J., and Sarah Stroumsa, The Polemic of Nestor the Priest (Jerusalem, 1996), vol. 1, pp.13-89.
- Lasker, Daniel J., "The Jewish Critique of Christianity Under Islam," Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research 57 (1991): 121-153.
- Saadia Gaon, The Book of Beliefs and Opinions, trans. by Samuel Rosenblatt, (New Haven, 1948), pp. 103-110; 157-167; 312-322.
Tuesday, 1 August: The Transition of the Jewish critique of Christianity to Christendom. (Daniel Lasker)
- Berger, David, "Mission to the Jews and Jewish-Christian Contacts in the Polemical Literature of the High Middle Ages," The American Historical Review," 91:3 (June, 1986): 576-591.
- Kimhi, Joseph, The Book of the Covenant, trans. F. Talmage, Toronto, 1972.
- Lasker, Daniel J., and Sarah Stroumsa eds. and trans. The Polemic of Nestor the Priest. 2 vols.; Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institute for the Study of Jewish Communities in the East, 1996. Vol. 1, pp. 93-131.
- Lasker, Daniel J. “Jewish-Christian Polemics in Transition: From the Lands of Ishmael to the Lands of Edom,” in Benjamin Hary, et al., eds., Judaism and Islam: Boundaries, Interaction, and Communication. Leiden, 2000, pp. 53-65.
- ______, Jewish-Christian Polemics at the Turning Point: Jewish Evidence from the Twelfth Century, Harvard Theological Review 89:2 (1996): 161-173.
Wednesday, 2 August: Public Disputations (Daniel Lasker)
- Chazan, Robert. Barcelona and Beyond: the Disputation of 1263 and its Aftermath. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. (pp. 38-141 recommended).
- _____ Daggers of Faith: Thirteenth-Century Christian Missionizing and the Jewish Response. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989, pp. 159-81 (pp. 38-85 recommended)
- Maccoby, Hyam, trans. Judaism on Trial: Jewish-Christian Disputations in the Middle Ages. Rutherford, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1982, pp. 97-167.
- Rosenthal, Judah, "The Talmud on Trial," Jewish Quarterly Review 47 (1956): 58-76; 145-69.
Week IV. August 3-9
Thursday, August 3: Informal Meetings
Friday, 4 August: Philosophical Polemics (Daniel Lasker)
- Crescas, Hasdai, The Refutation of the Christian Principles. Trans. Daniel J. Lasker. Albany: State
University of New York, 1992. Pp. 23-84.
- Lasker, Daniel J., "Averroistic Trends in Jewish-Christian Polemics in the Late Middle Ages," Speculum 55:2 (1980): 294-304.
- ______"Transubstantiation, Elijah's Chair, Plato, and the Jewish-Christian Debate," Revue des Etudes Juives, 143:1-2 (January-June, 1984): 31-58.
Monday, 7 August: The First Century of English Jewish History, 1066-1154 (Robert Stacey)
- Cecil Roth, A History of the Jews in England, 3rd ed. (1964): 1-10.
- R.C. Stacey, “Jewish Lending and the Medieval English Economy,” in A Commercialising Economy: England 1086 to c. 1300, ed. R.H. Britnell and B.M.S. Campbell (Manchester Univ. Press, 1995): 78-88.
- Thomas of Monmouth: The Life and Miracles of St. William of Norwich, ed. A. Jessop and M.R. James (Cambridge, 1895), pp. 1-111.
Tuesday, 8 August: The Angevin Era Begins, 1154-1236 (Robert Stacey)
- Roth, History, pp. 10-37
- Stacey, “Jewish Lending and the Economy,” in A Commercialising Economy, pp. 88-97
- R. C. Stacey, “The Jews of Angevin England,” (unpublished paper): 1-15
- ______, “Crusades, Martyrdoms, and the Jews of Norman England, 1096-1190,” in Juden und Christen zur Zeit der Kreuzzüge, ed. Alfred Haverkamp (Sigmaringen, 1999): 233-51.
Afternoon Session: The Thirteenth Century Crisis
- R.C. Stacey, “The English Jews under Henry III,” in The Jews in Medieval Britain: Historical, Literary and Archaeological Perspectives, ed. Patricia Skinner (Boydell, 2003): 41-54.
- _________, “1240—1260: A Watershed in Anglo-Jewish Relations?”, Historical Research 61 (1988): 135-50.
- _________, “The Conversion of Jews to Christianity in Thirteenth-Century England,” Speculum 67 (1992): 263-83.
Wednesday, 9 August: A Walking Tour of Jewish Oxford (Optional)
- In preparation for the tour, participants may wish to read, Cecil Roth, The Jews of Medieval Oxford (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1951): 1-168.
Week V. August 10-15
Thursday, 10 August: The Re-emergence of Ritual Crucifixion Tales (Robert Stacey)
- “The Passion of Adam of Bristol,” English translation (to be provided) of an untranslated ritual crucifixion tale from 13th century England.
Afternoon Session: The Edwardian Experiment?
- Roth, History, pp. 68-90
- Robin Mundill, “Edward I and the Final Phase of Anglo-Jewry,” in Jews in Medieval Britain, pp. 55-70
- R. C. Stacey, “Jewish Lending and the Economy,” in A Commercialising Economy, pp. 98-101.
- ______, “Parliamentary Negotiation and the Expulsion of the Jews from England,” in Thirteenth Century England VI,. ed. R.H. Britnell, R. Frame, and M. Prestwich (Boydell Press, 1997): 77-101.
Friday, 11 August: Antisemitism and Expulsion
- R. C. Stacey, “Jews and Christians in Twelfth-Century England: Some Dynamics of a Changing Relationship,” in Jews and Christians in Twelfth-Century Europe, ed. M. A. Signer and J. Van Engen (Notre Dame, 2001): 340-54.
- R.C. Stacey, “Antisemitism and the Medieval English State,” in The Medieval English State: Essays Presented to James Campbell, ed. J.R. Maddicott and D.M. Palliser (Hambledon Press, 2000): 163-77.
- Anthony Bale, “Fictions of Judaism in England before 1290,” in Jews in Medieval Britain, pp. 129-44.
Monday, 14 August: Depictions of Jews in Scientific and Medical Literature (Irven M. Resnick)
- I.M. Resnick, “Medieval Roots of the Myth of Jewish Male Menses,” Harvard Theological Review 93:3(2000):
- Peter Biller."A Scientific View of Jews From Paris Around 1300," in Micrologus 9: The Jews and the Sciences (SISMEL, 2001): 138-167.
Tuesday, 15 August: Concluding session.