2003 Curriculum and Calendar
Texts recommended for review before the beginning of the institute
1. Abulafia, Anna Sapir. Christians and Jews in the Twelfth Century Renaissance. London; New York: Routledge, 1995. ISBN: 0415000122.
2. Chazan, Robert. Daggers of Faith: Thirteenth-Century Christian Missionizing and the Jewish Response. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.
3. Cohen, Jeremy, ed. From Witness to Witchcraft: Jews and Judaism in Medieval Christian Thought. Wolfenbutteler Mittelalter-Studien, Bd. 11. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1996. (essays from parts 1 and 4)
4. Moore, R.I. The Formations of a Persecuting Society: Power and Deviance in Western Europe, 950-1250. Oxford, New York: B. Blackwell, 1987. ISBN: 0631171452.
5. Lasker, Daniel J. Jewish Philosophical Polemics Against Christianity. New York: KTAV, 1977. ISBN: 0870684981.
6. Berger, David. The Jewish-Christian Debate in the High Middle Ages. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1979. Introduction. ISBN: 0827601042.
7. Krauss, Samuel. The Jewish-Christian Controversy from the Earliest Times to 1789. Texte und Studien zum antiken Judentum, 56. Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1995. ISBN: 3161464737.
8. Abulafia, David. The Western Mediterranean Kingdoms 1200-1500. London and New York: Longman, 1997. ISBN: 0582078210.
9. Scholem, Gershom. Origins of the Kabbalah. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1987. ISBN: 0691073147. Pp. 365-475.
10. Hames, H.J. The Art of Conversion: Christianity and Kabbalah in the Thirteenth Century. Leiden: EJ Brill, 2000.
Required Text for Purchase:
1. Cohen, Jeremy. Living Letters of the Law: Ideas of the Jew in Medieval Christianity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. ISBN: 0520216806
Week I. July 9-16 Asserting Oneself through Negating the Other (Robert Chazan)
Wednesday evening, 9 July: Welcome Dinner at 6:00 PM (Peter Oppenheimer, President of the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies) and Introduction (Irven M. Resnick)
Thursday, 10 July: The Jews in Early Christianity
Required Readings:Friday, 11 July: Augustine and the Jews
Mark, Luke-Acts, Galatians, Romans 1-11;
Jeremy Cohen, Living Letters of the Law, pp. 6-9 (on Paul)
Required Readings:Monday, 14 July: Jews as “Other” in Early Medieval Europe
Augustine, Against the Jews (Tractatus adversos Judaeos), in Saint Augustine, Treatises on Marriage and Other Subjects, Fathers of the Church, vol. 27 (Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1969): 387-414; and City of God (De
civitate Dei), books XVII-XVIII (full electronic text can be found at http://www.ccel.org/fathers/NPNF1-02 or http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/1201.htm).
Jeremy Cohen, Living Letters of the Law, pp. 23-65 (on Augustine).
Friday Afternoon: Scheduled visit to Bodleian offices to obtain readers' cards. Meet in the Bullard Room at the Bodleian at 2:00 PM. Do not be late!
Required Readings:Tuesday, 15 July: Crusades and Crusading
Gregory the Great, selected letters, in Amnon Linder, The Jews in Legal Sources of
the Early Middle Ages (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1997): 417-443
Early Spanish church councils, in Amnon Linder, The Jews in Legal Sources of the Early
Middle Ages (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1997):482-538
Jeremy Cohen, Living Letters of the Law, pp. 73-94 (on Gregory the Great)
Required Readings:Wednesday, 16 July: Informal Meetings
Chazan, Robert. European Jewry and the First Crusade (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987): 225-242 and 50-179.
Week II. July 17-23. Towards Exclusion and Demonization (Jeremy Cohen)
Background or Supplementary reading:
Anna Sapir Abulafia, Christians and Jews in the Twelfth-Century RenaissanceThursday, 17 July: Rationalism and Theology (from Anselm to Abelard)
Robert Chazan, Medieval Stereotypes and Modern Antisemitism
Jeremy Cohen, The Friars and the Jews: The Evolution of Medieval Anti-Judaism, pts. 1-2
_____, ed., From Witness to Witchcraft: Jews and Judaism in Medieval Christian
Thought, pt. 2
_____, Living Letters of the Law: Ideas of the Jew in Medieval Christianity, pts. 3-4
John Y.B. Hood, Aquinas and the Jews
Walter Pakter, Medieval Canon Law and the Jews
Morning session: Historical and Historiographical Context
Required Readings:Afternoon session: Rationalism and Theology
Amos Funkenstein, Perceptions of Jewish History, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993): 169-201
R.I. Moore, "Anti-Semitism and the Birth of Europe," in Christianity and Judaism, Studies in Church History, 29 (Oxford: Ecclesiastical History Society, 1992): 33-57.
Required Readings:Friday, 18 July: Monasticism and Spirituality (Peter of Cluny, Bernard of Clairvaux, and Hermann of Cologne)
Odo of Tournai, A Disputation with a Jew, Leo, tr. Resnick (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994): 85-97.
Peter Alfonsi, Dialogues with Moses the Jew, tituli 1-5 (selections; typescript, pp. 1-16, 26-35, 59-74)
Peter Abelard, Dialogue of a Philosopher with a Jew and a Christian, tr. Pierre J. Payer (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1979): 19-59.
Required Readings:Monday, 21 July: Canon Law, Papal Leadership, and the Talmud
Bernard of Clairvaux. Letter 363, in The Letters of St. Bernard of Clairvaux, trs. Bruno Scott James (Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1953): 460-463.
Bernard of Clairvaux. On the Song of Songs, in The Works of Bernard of Clairvaux, Cistercian Fathers Series, 4 (Spencer, MA: Cistercian Publications, 1971), vol. 2: Sermons 13-14 (pp. 87-103); vol. 3: Sermons 59-60 (pp. 120-138).
Peter the Venerable, Letter 130 (5 pages, in typescript)
Hermann of Cologne, A Short Account of His Own Conversion, in Conversion and Text: the Cases of Augustine of Hippo, Herman-Judah, and Constantine Tsatsos, tr. Karl F. Morrison (Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1992): 76-113.
Required Readings:Tuesday, 22 July: Mendicant Inquisitors, Missionaries, Theologians, and their Legacy
Solomon Grayzel, The Church and the Jews in the Thirteenth Century, rev. ed. (New York: Hermon Press, 1966): 296-299, 86- 143, 306-313, 178-295 (skim; read carefully: letters 96, 104 119 with long n.)
Morning session: Mendicant Inquisitors and Missionaries
Required Readings:Afternoon session: Scholastic Theology
The Barcelona Disputation of 1263: Hebrew and Latin Reports in Translation, in Hyam Maccoby, Judaism on Trial (London: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 1993): 97-150.
Required Reading: Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae 1-2.102.1-3. at http://www.ccel.org/a/aquinas/summa/home.htmlWednesday, 23 July: Informal Meetings
Week III. July 24-30. Signs of Otherness in Medieval Art and Literature
Thursday, 24 July: Signs of Otherness. Jews in Gothic Art (Sara Lipton)
Topics to be covered include typological iconography, identifying signs, Synagoga personified, host desecration imagery, Passion iconography.
Required Readings::Friday, 25 July: Representations of Heresy and Witchcraft. (Sara Lipton)
1. Suzanne Lewis, "Tractatus Adversus Judaeos in the Gulbenkian
Apocalypse," Art Bulletin 68 (1986): 543-566.
2. Sara Lipton, Images of Intolerance: The Representation of Jews and
Judaism in the Bible moralisee (Los Angeles and Berkeley, 1999), pp. 1-29.
(Chapters One and Two).
3. Diane Hughes, "Distinguishing Sign: Ear-rings, Jews, and Franciscan
Rhetoric in the Italian Renaissance City," Past and Present 112 (1986):
4. Sara Lipton, "The Temple is My Body: Gender, Carnality, and Synagoga in
the Bible moralisee," in Imagining the Self, Imagining the Other, ed. Eva
Frojmovic (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2002), pp. 129-163.
Topics include the visual conflation of Jews and heretics, heresy as diseaser, accusations of animal worship, sexual and gendered polemics, images of the devil.
Required Readings::Monday, 28 July: The Non-European Other. (Sara Lipton)
1. Sara Lipton, Images of Intolerance, pp. 82-111 (Chapters Four and Five).
2. Elizabeth Pastan, "Tam Haereticos Quam Judaeos: Shifting Symbols in the
Glazing of Troyes Cathedral," Word and Image 10 (1994): 66-83.
3. Walter Cahn, "Heresy and the Interpretation of Romanesque Art," in
Romanesque and Gothic. Essays for George Zarnecki. Ed. Neil Stratford,
(Woodsridge, Suffolk and Wolfeboro, N.H., 1987), pp. 27-33.
4. Dorinda Neave, "The Witch in 16th Century German Art," Woman's Art
Journal 9:1 (1988): 3-9.
An examination of depictions of Muslims and Africans.
Required Readings::Tuesday, 29 July: The Representation of Jews in Post-Expulsion Middle English Devotional Culture (Denise Despres)
1. Michael Camille, The Gothic Idol (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989) pp. 129-164 (Chapter Three).
2. Paul Kaplan, "Black Africans in Hohenstaufen Art," Gesta 26:1 (1987): 29-36.
3. The Song of Roland, trans. Glyn Burges (London: Penguin, 1990), pp. 29-50 (stanzas 1-52).
4. William Chester Jordan, "The Last Tormenter of Christ," Jewish Quarterly
Review 78 (1987): 21-47.
Meeting 1: The Vernon Manuscript: Vernacular Sermons, Marian Miracles,
Jewish Christian Debate
Primary: The Middle English Miracles of the Virgin, ed. Beverly Boyd (San Marino, CA: 1964). The Vernon Manuscript, pp. 33-49.
Furnivall, F.J., ed. The Minor Poems of the Vernon Manuscript (London, K. Paul, Trench, Trübner & co. for the Early English Text Society, 1892-1901;
[New York, Kraus Reprint Co., 1973]). Part II: "A Disputation between and Christian and a Jew," pp. 485-492.
(Discussion of the Corpus Christi sermon in the manuscript time permitting)
Secondary:Meeting 2: Chaucer and the Jews
Miri Rubin, Gentile Tales, The Narrative Assault on Late-Medieval Jews (Yale
University Press, 1999) Chapter 5, "Making the Narrative Work," pp. 104-31.
(optional) P.R. Robinson, "The Vernon Manuscript as a 'Coucher Book," in
Studies in the Vernon Manuscript, ed. Derek Pearsall (Cambridge: Boydell
and Brewer, 1990), pp. 15-28.
Denise Despres, "The Protean Jew in the Vernon Manuscript," in Chaucer and
the Jews, Sources, Contexts, Meanings, ed. Sheila Delany (London:
Routledge, 2002), pp.145-164.
Sylvia Tomasch, "Postcolonial Chaucer and the Virtual Jew," in Delany,
Chaucer and the Jews, pp. 69-85.
Primary: The Canterbury Tales, ed. V.A. Kolve, Norton Critical Edition (NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 1989)
"The General Prologue"; "The Prioress's Tale,"; "The Pardoner's Tale"; and Sources and Backgrounds, pp. 418-427.
Secondary:Wednesday, 30 July: Informal Meetings
Denise Despres, "Cultic AntiJudaism and Chaucer's Litel Clergeon," Modern
Philology 91 (1994): 413-27.
Miri Rubin, Gentile Tales, Chapter 2, "From Jewish Boy to Bleeding Host," pp. 7-39.
William Chester Jordan, "The Pardoner's 'Holy Jew," in Delany, Chaucer and
the Jews, pp. 25-42.
Week IV. July 31-August 6.
Thursday, 31 July: The Representation of Jews in Post-Expulsion Middle English Devotional Culture (Denise Despres)
Meeting 3: Jews in Mystical and Meditative Texts
Primary: The Book of Margery Kempe, ed. Lynn Staley, Norton Critical Edition (NY: W.W. Norton & Co., 2001): pp. 44-60;89-100;132-146.
Birgitta of Sweden, Life and Selected Revelations, Ed. M.T.J. Harris, Trans. A.R. Kezel, Classics of Western Spirituality (New York: Paulist
Press, 1990), "The Seventh Book of Revelations," pp. 171-191.
Jacobus de Voragine, The Golden Legend, Volume I, trans. William Granger Ryan (Princeton University Press, 1993), pp. 269-277.
(Handout of "Siege of Jerusalem" image in British Library Ms. Egerton 2781).
Bonaventure, Saint. Meditations on the Life of Christ, ed. Isa Ragusa and Rosalie B. Green (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961): 290-338.
Secondary: D. Despres, "Immaculate Flesh and the Social Body: Mary and theMeeting 4: Jews in the York Cycle
Jews in Cambridge Fitzwilliam Ms. 48, The Carew-Poyntz Hours," Jewish History 12 (1998): 47-69.
Thomas Bestul, Texts of the Passion, Latin Devotional Literature and
Medieval Society (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press , 1996); Chapter 2, "Medieval Narratives of the Passion of Christ" (optional) and Chapter 3, "The Representation of Jews in Medieval Passion Narratives," pp. 26-110.
Elisa Narin Van Court, "The Siege of Jerusalem and Augustinian Historians: Writing About Jews in Fourteenth-Century England," in Delany, Chaucer and the Jews, pp. 165-184.
Optional: Nicholas Love, Mirrour of the blessed lyf of Jesu Christi, a critical edition based on Cambridge University Library Additional mss. 6578 and 6686, ed. Michael G. Sargent (New York: Garland, 1992); passion narrative.
Primary: York Mystery Plays, A Selection in Modern Spelling, ed. Richard Beadle and Pamela King (Oxford University Press, 1999):
Moses and Pharaoh (pp. 33-47); The Slaughter of the Innocents (pp. 88-97); The Entry into Jerusalem (pp. 106-124); The Conspiracy (pp.
125-137); Christ before Herod (pp. 175-191); The Crucifixion (pp. 211-221); The Death of Christ (pp. 222-236); The Harrowing of Hell
(pp. 237-250); The Resurrection (pp. 251-266).
Secondary:Jewish-Christian Literary Polemics, and Public Disputations (Daniel Lasker)
M. Rubin, Corpus Christi (Cambridge University Press, 1989). Chapter 4, "The Living Feast," pp. 243-287.
Seth Lehrer, "'Represented now in yower syght': The Culture of
Spectatorship in Late Fifteenth Century England," in Bodies and Disciplines:
Intersections of Literature and History in Fifteenth-Century England, ed.
Barbara Hanawalt and David Wallace (University of Minn. Press, 1996), pp. 29-62.
Sarah Beckwith, Signifying God, Social Relations and Symbolic Act in the
York Corpus Christi Plays (University of Chicago Press , 2001), Part III, "Sacramental Theater," pp. 59-117.
Friday, 1 August: The Beginnings of the Jewish Critique of Christianity (Daniel Lasker)
Required Readings:Monday, 4 August: The Transition of the Jewish critique of Christianity to Christendom. (Daniel Lasker)
Lasker, Daniel J., and Sarah Stroumsa, The Polemic of Nestor the Priest. (2 vols.; Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institute for the Study of Jewish Communities in the East, 1996) 1: 13-89.
Saadia Gaon, The Book of Beliefs and Opinions, trans. by Samuel Rosenblatt, Yale Judaica Series 1 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1948), pp. 103-110; 157-167; 312-322.
Herford, R. Travers, Christianity in Talmud and Midrash, (different editions), pp. 35-96.
Lasker, Daniel J., "The Jewish Critique of Christianity Under Islam," Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research 57 (1991): 121-153.
Berger, David, "Mission to the Jews and Jewish-Christian Contacts in the Polemical Literature of the High Middle Ages,"
The American Historical Review, 91:3 (June, 1986): 576-591.
Kimhi, Joseph, The Book of the Covenant, trans. F. Talmage, Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1972.
Lasker, Daniel J. "Jewish-Christian Polemics at the Turning Point: Jewish Evidence from the Twelfth Century," Harvard Theological Review
Chazan, Robert, “The Christian Position in Jacob Ben Reuben's Milhamot Ha-Shem.” From Ancient Israel to Modern Judaism. Intellect
in Quest of Understanding. Essays in Honor of Marvin Fox. Eds. Jacob Neusner, et al.; (4 vols.; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989) 2: 157-170.
Lasker, Daniel J., and Sarah Stroumsa eds. and trans. The Polemic of Nestor the Priest. (2 vols.; Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institute for the Study
of Jewish Communities in the East, 1996)1: 93-131.
Lasker, Daniel J. “Jewish-Christian Polemics in Transition: From the Lands of Ishmael to the Lands of Edom,” in Benjamin Hary, et al., eds., Judaism
and Islam: Boundaries, Interaction, and Communication. Leiden: EJ Brill, 2000, pp. 53-65.
Tuesday, 5 August: Public Disputations and Philosophical Polemics (Daniel Lasker)
Required Readings:Wednesday, 6: Dr. Anna Sapir Abulafia.
Crescas, Hasdai, The Refutation of the Christian Principles. Trans. Daniel J. Lasker (Albany: State University of New York, 1992): 23-66; 94-121.
Lasker, Daniel J., "Averroistic Trends in Jewish-Christian Polemics in the Late Middle Ages," Speculum 55:2 (1980): 294-304.
______"Transubstantiation, Elijah's Chair, Plato, and the Jewish-Christian Debate," Revue des Etudes Juives, 143:1-2 (January-June, 1984): 31-58.
Rosenthal, Judah, "The Talmud on Trial," Jewish Quarterly Review 47 (1956): 58-76; 145-69.
Meeting 1: Christian Humanism, Reason and the Jews. (Morning)
Required Readings:Meeting 2: The Use of Reason against Jews in the Jewish-Christian Debate (Afternoon)
Abulafia, Anna Sapir, Jews and Christians in the Twelfth-Century
Renaissance. London: Routledge, 1995. Pp. 11-47.
R.W Southern, Saint Anselm. A Portrait in a Landscape. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1990. Pp. 198-202.
G.R. Evans, Anselm. Outstanding Christian Thinkers. Morehouse-Barlow: Wilton, CT, 1984, pp. 49-52.
Anselm, Proslogion, trans. J. Hopkins and H.W. Richardson, Anselm of Canterbury, volume one: Monologion, Proslogion, Debate with Gaunilo, and a Meditation on Human Redemption, Toronto and New York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1974. Pp. 91-4.
Anselm, Letter to Fulk, Bishop of Beauvais, trans. W. Frölich, The Letters of Saint Anslem of Canterbury, volume 1, Cistercian Publications: Kalamazoo, Mich., 1990. Pp. 314-5.
Anselm, On the Incarnation of the Word, trans. J. Hopkins and H.W. Richardson, Anselm of Canterbury, Trinity, Incarnation, and Redemption: Theological Treatises, HarperTorchbooks: New York etc., 1970. Pp. 8-11.
Anselm, Cur Deus Homo, trans. J. Hopkins and H. Richardson, Toronto and New
York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1976. Pp. 52-3, 133-5, 137.
Required Readings:Week V. August 7-13. Later Medieval Determinations of the “Other” (Chaim Hames)
Abulafia, Anna Sapir, Jews and Christians in the Twelfth-Century
Renaissance. London: Routledge, 1995. Pp. 77-93.
Selections of Gilbert Crispin, Disputation between a Christian and a Jew
(19 typed pages of translation will be provided).
Odo of Tournai, A Disputation with the Jew, Leo, Concerning the Advent of
Christ, the Son of God, trans. Irven M. Resnick. Philadelphia: University
of Pennsylvania Press, 1994. Pp. 85-97.
Peter Abelard, Collationes, ed. and trans. J. Marenbon and G. Orlandi. Oxford Medieval Texts. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Pp.1-7; 16-25.
Thursday, 7 August: Cancelled (Religious Holiday)
Friday 8 August: The Jew and the Heretic as the Other in Christian Society (Chaim Hames)
Required Readings:Monday, 11 August: Ramon Llull and Ramon Martí
Bernard Gui, Practica inquisitionis heretice pravitatis, in W.L. Wakefield and A.P. Evans (ed. and trans.), Heresies of the High Middle Ages, New York 1969, pp. 375-404, 439-445
Moore, R.I. "Literacy and the Making of Heresy c. 1100 - c. 1150," in P. Biller and A. Hudson (eds), Heresy and Literacy, 1000-1530 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994): 19-37.
Lambert, Malcolm. Medieval Heresy, 2nd ed. (Cambridge Mass.: B. Blackwell, 1992).
Required Readings:Tuesday, 12 August: Visions of the Perfect Society (Chaim Hames)
Ramon Llull, Vita coetanea, in A. Bonner, Doctor Illuminatus, Princeton 1993, pp. 1-44.
Cohen, Jeremy. The Friars and the Jews (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1982): 129-168, 199-225.
Chazan, Robert. Daggers of Faith (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989): 115-136.
Required Readings: A selection of texts gathered from Llull's works( Book of the Gentile and the Three Wise Men; Book of the Lover and the Beloved), in A. Bonner, Doctor Illuminatus, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993): 85-171; 188-237. N.B., also include the three pages of diagrams which immediately precede p. 85.Wednesday, 13 August. Concluding session. (Irven M. Resnick)
H. Hames, 'Conversion via Ecstatic Experience in Ramon Llull's "Llibre del gentil e dels tres savis"', Viator 30 (1999) pp. 181-200
Idel, Moshe. "Abraham Abulafia on the Jewish Messiah and Jesus," in Studies in Ecstatic Kabbalah (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988): 45-61.
Abraham Abulafia, on the three rings parable (Hames’s translation)
J.N. Hillgarth, Ramon Llull and Lullism in Fourteenth-Century France (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1971).
Evaluation forms: http://www.neh.gov/online/SI-Evaluation.asp