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Entry-Level GATP Required Coursework

ATEP Prerequisite Information

 

Anatomy & Physiology 


Competencies Instructed in Course:
Clinical Examination

Systems & Regions

  1. Musculoskeletal
  2. Integumentary
  3. Neurological
  4. Cardiovascular
  5. Endocrine
  6. Pulmonary
  7. Gastrointestinal
  8. Hepatobiliary
  9. Immune
  10. Renal and urogenital
  11. The face, including maxillofacial region and mouth
  12. Eye, ear, nose, and throat

CE-1          Describe the normal structures and interrelated functions of the body systems.
CE-2          Describe the normal anatomical, systemic, and physiological changes associated with the lifespan.

 

 

Exercise Physiology


Competencies Instructed in Course:

Evaluation & Prevention
AC-7          Differentiate between normal and abnormal physical findings (eg, pulse, blood pressure, heart and lung sounds, oxygen saturation, pain, core temperature) and the associated pathophysiology.
CE-2     Describe the normal anatomical, systemic, and physiological changes associated with the lifespan.
PHP-10       Explain the principles of the body’s thermoregulatory mechanisms as they relate to heat gain and heat loss.
PHP-11       Explain the principles of environmental illness prevention programs to include acclimation and conditioning, fluid and electrolyte replacement requirements, proper practice and competition attire, hydration status, and environmental assessment (eg, sling psychrometer, wet bulb globe temperatures [WBGT], heat index guidelines).
PHP-16       Use a peak-flow meter to monitor a patient’s asthma symptoms, determine participation
status, and make referral decisions.
PHP-25       Describe the role of exercise in maintaining a healthy lifestyle and preventing chronic disease.
TI-5           Compare and contrast the variations in the physiological response to injury and healing across the lifespan.

Fitness/Wellness
PHP-24       Summarize the general principles of health maintenance and personal hygiene, including skin care, dental hygiene, sanitation, immunizations, avoidance of infectious and contagious diseases, diet, rest, exercise, and weight control.
PHP-25       Describe the role of exercise in maintaining a healthy lifestyle and preventing chronic disease.
PHP-26       Identify and describe the standard tests, test equipment, and testing protocols that are used for measuring fitness, body composition, posture, flexibility, muscular strength, power, speed, agility, and endurance.
PHP-27       Compare and contrast the various types of flexibility, strength training, and cardiovascular conditioning programs to include expected outcomes, safety precautions, hazards, and contraindications.
PHP-28       Administer and interpret fitness tests to assess a client’s/patient’s physical status and readiness for physical activity.
PHP-29       Explain the basic concepts and practice of fitness and wellness screening.
PHP-30       Design a fitness program to meet the individual needs of a client/patient based on the results of standard fitness assessments and wellness screening.
PHP-31       Instruct a client/patient regarding fitness exercises and the use of muscle strengthening equipment to include correction or modification of inappropriate, unsafe, or dangerous lifting techniques.

General Nutrition Concepts
PHP-32       Describe the role of nutrition in enhancing performance, preventing injury or illness, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
PHP-33       Educate clients/patients on the importance of healthy eating, regular exercise, and general preventative strategies for improving or maintaining health and quality of life.
PHP-34       Describe contemporary nutritional intake recommendations and explain how these recommendations can be used in performing a basic dietary analysis and providing appropriate general dietary recommendations.
PHP-35       Describe the proper intake, sources of, and effects of micro- and macronutrients on performance, health, and disease.
PHP-36       Describe current guidelines for proper hydration and explain the consequences of improper fluid/electrolyte replacement.
PHP-37       Identify, analyze, and utilize the essential components of food labels to determine the content, quality, and appropriateness of food products.
PHP-38       Describe nutritional principles that apply to tissue growth and repair.
PHP-39       Describe changes in dietary requirements that occur as a result of changes in an individual’s health, age, and activity level.
PHP-40       Explain the physiologic principles and time factors associated with the design and planning of pre-activity and recovery meals/snacks and hydration practices.
PHP-41       Identify the foods and fluids that are most appropriate for pre-activity, activity, and recovery meals/snacks.

Weight Management and Body Composition

PHP-42       Explain how changes in the type and intensity of physical activity influence the energy and nutritional demands placed on the client/patient.
PHP-43       Describe the principles and methods of body composition assessment to assess a client’s/patient’s health status and to monitor changes related to weight management, strength training, injury, disordered eating, menstrual status, and/or bone density status.
PHP-44       Assess body composition by validated techniques.
PHP-45       Describe contemporary weight management methods and strategies needed to support activities of daily life and physical activity.

Disordered Eating and Eating Disorders
PHP-46       Identify and describe the signs, symptoms, physiological, and psychological responses of clients/patients with disordered eating or eating disorders.
PHP-47       Describe the method of appropriate management and referral for clients/patients with disordered eating or eating disorders in a manner consistent with current practice guidelines.

Performance Enhancing and Recreational Supplements and Drugs
PHP-48       Explain the known usage patterns, general effects, and short- and long-term adverse effects for the commonly used dietary supplements, performance enhancing drugs, and recreational drugs.
PHP-49       Identify which therapeutic drugs, supplements, and performance-enhancing substances are banned by sport and/or workplace organizations in order to properly advise clients/patients about possible disqualification and other consequences.

Examination & Assessment
CE-21         Assess and interpret findings from a physical examination that is based on the patient’s clinical presentation. This exam can include:
                CE-21c. Muscle function assessment
                CE-21d. Assessment of quantity and quality of osteokinematic joint motion
                CE-21f. Joint play (arthrokinematics)
                CE-21h. Neurologic function (sensory, motor, reflexes, balance, cognition)
                CE-21i. Cardiovascular function (including differentiation between normal and abnormal heart sounds,                              blood pressure, and heart rate)
                CE-21j. Pulmonary function (including differentiation between normal breath sounds, percussion sounds,                              number and characteristics of respirations, peak expiratory flow)
                CE-21p. Other assessments (glucometer, temperature)

Clinical Integration
CIP-1         Administer testing procedures to obtain baseline data regarding a client’s/patient’s level of general health (including nutritional habits, physical activity status, and body composition). Use this data to design, implement, evaluate, and modify a program specific to the performance and health goals of the patient. This will include instructing the patient in the proper performance of the activities, recognizing the warning signs and symptoms of potential injuries and illnesses that may occur, and explaining the role of exercise in maintaining overall health and the prevention of diseases. Incorporate contemporary behavioral change theory when educating clients/patients and associated individuals to effect health-related change. Refer to other medical and health professionals when appropriate.
CIP-3         Develop, implement, and monitor prevention strategies for at-risk individuals (eg, persons with asthma or diabetes, persons with a previous history of heat illness, persons with sickle cell trait) and large groups to allow safe physical activity in a variety of conditions. This includes obtaining and interpreting data related to potentially hazardous environmental conditions, monitoring body functions (eg, blood glucose, peak expiratory flow, hydration status), and making the appropriate recommendations for individual safety and activity status.

 

 

Nutrition


Competencies Instructed in Course:

General Nutrition Concepts
PHP-32       Describe the role of nutrition in enhancing performance, preventing injury or illness,
and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
PHP-33       Educate clients/patients on the importance of healthy eating, regular exercise, and
general preventative strategies for improving or maintaining health and quality of life.
PHP-34       Describe contemporary nutritional intake recommendations and explain how these
recommendations can be used in performing a basic dietary analysis and providing
appropriate general dietary recommendations.
PHP-35       Describe the proper intake, sources of, and effects of micro- and macronutrients
on performance, health, and disease.
PHP-36       Describe current guidelines for proper hydration and explain the consequences of
improper fluid/electrolyte replacement.
PHP-37       Identify, analyze, and utilize the essential components of food labels to determine
the content, quality, and appropriateness of food products.
PHP-38       Describe nutritional principles that apply to tissue growth and repair.
PHP-39       Describe changes in dietary requirements that occur as a result of changes in an
individual’s health, age, and activity level.
PHP-40       Explain the physiologic principles and time factors associated with the design and
planning of pre-activity and recovery meals/snacks and hydration practices.
PHP-41       Identify the foods and fluids that are most appropriate for pre-activity, activity, and
recovery meals/snacks.

Weight Management & Body Composition
PHP-42       Explain how changes in the type and intensity of physical activity influence the
energy and nutritional demands placed on the client/patient.
PHP-43       Describe the principles and methods of body composition assessment to assess a client’s/patient’s health status and to monitor changes related to weight management, strength training, injury, disordered eating, menstrual status, and/or bone density status.
PHP-44       Assess body composition by validated techniques.
PHP-45       Describe contemporary weight management methods and strategies needed to
support activities of daily life and physical activity.

Disordered Eating & Eating Disorders
PHP-46       Identify and describe the signs, symptoms, physiological, and psychological responses of clients/patients with disordered eating or eating disorders.
PHP-47       Describe the method of appropriate management and referral for clients/patients with disordered eating or eating disorders in a manner consistent with current practice guidelines.

Performance Enhancing and Recreational Supplements and Drugs
PHP-48        Explain the known usage patterns, general effects, and short- and long-term adverse
effects for the commonly used dietary supplements, performance enhancing drugs,
and recreational drugs.
PHP-49        Identify which therapeutic drugs, supplements, and performance-enhancing
substances are banned by sport and/or workplace organizations in order to properly
advise clients/patients about possible disqualification and other consequences.

 

 

First Aid\CPR


Competencies Instructed in Course:

Acute Care
AC-3     Describe the hospital trauma level system and its role in the transportation decision-making process.
AC-4     Demonstrate the ability to perform scene, primary, and secondary surveys.
AC-5     Obtain a medical history appropriate for the patient’s ability to respond.
AC-6     When appropriate, obtain and monitor signs of basic body functions including pulse, blood pressure, respiration, pulse oximetry, pain, and core temperature. Relate changes in vital signs to the patient’s status.
AC-7     Differentiate between normal and abnormal physical findings (eg, pulse, blood pressure, heart and lung sounds, oxygen saturation, pain, core temperature) and the associated pathophysiology.
AC-8     Explain the indications, guidelines, proper techniques, and necessary supplies for removing equipment and clothing in order to access the airway, evaluate and/or stabilize an athlete’s injured body part.
AC-9     Differentiate the types of airway adjuncts (oropharygneal airways [OPA], nasopharyngeal airways [NPA] and supraglottic airways [King LT-D or Combitube]) and their use in maintaining a patent airway in adult respiratory and/or cardiac arrest.
AC-10    Establish and maintain an airway, including the use of oro- and nasopharygneal airways, and neutral spine alignment in an athlete with a suspected spine injury who may be wearing shoulder pads, a helmet with and without a face guard, or other protective equipment.
AC-11    Determine when suction for airway maintenance is indicated and use according to accepted practice protocols.
AC-12    Identify cases when rescue breathing, CPR, and/or AED use is indicated according to current accepted practice protocols.
AC-13    Utilize an automated external defibrillator (AED) according to current accepted practice protocols.
AC-14    Perform one- and two- person CPR on an infant, child and adult.
AC-15    Utilize a bag valve and pocket mask on a child and adult using supplemental oxygen.
AC-16    Explain the indications, application, and treatment parameters for supplemental oxygen administration for emergency situations.
AC-17    Administer supplemental oxygen with adjuncts (eg, non-rebreather mask, nasal cannula).
AC-18    Assess oxygen saturation using a pulse oximeter and interpret the results to guide decision making.
AC-19    Explain the proper procedures for managing external hemorrhage (eg, direct pressure, pressure points, tourniquets) and the rationale for use of each.
AC-20    Select and use the appropriate procedure for managing external hemorrhage.
AC-21    Explain aseptic or sterile techniques, approved sanitation methods, and universal precautions used in the cleaning, closure, and dressing of wounds.
AC-22    Select and use appropriate procedures for the cleaning, closure, and dressing of wounds, identifying when referral is necessary.
AC-23    Use cervical stabilization devices and techniques that are appropriate to the circumstances of an injury.
AC-24    Demonstrate proper positioning and immobilization of a patient with a suspected spinal cord injury.
AC-25    Perform patient transfer techniques for suspected head and spine injuries utilizing supine log roll, prone log roll with push, prone log roll with pull, and lift-and-slide techniques.
AC-26    Select the appropriate spine board, including long board or short board, and use appropriate immobilization techniques based on the circumstance of the patient’s injury.
AC-27    Explain the role of core body temperature in differentiating between exertional heat stroke, hyponatremia, and head injury.
AC-28    Differentiate the different methods for assessing core body temperature.
AC-30    Explain the role of rapid full body cooling in the emergency management of exertional heat stroke.
AC-31    Assist the patient in the use of a nebulizer treatment for an asthmatic attack.
AC-32    Determine when use of a metered-dose inhaler is warranted based on a patient’s condition.
AC-33    Instruct a patient in the use of a meter-dosed inhaler in the presence of asthma related bronchospasm.
AC-34    Explain the importance of monitoring a patient following a head injury, including the role of obtaining clearance from a physician before further patient participation.
AC-35    Demonstrate the use of an auto-injectable epinephrine in the management of allergic anaphylaxis. Decide when auto-injectable epinephrine use is warranted based on a patient’s condition.

AC-36    Identify the signs, symptoms, interventions and, when appropriate, the return-to-participation criteria for:
            AC-36a. sudden cardiac arrest
            AC-36b. brain injury including concussion, subdural and epidural hematomas, second impact syndrome
                         and skull fracture
            AC-36c. cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine trauma
            AC-36d. heat illness including heat cramps, heat exhaustion, exertional heat stroke, and hyponatremia
            AC-36e. exertional sickling associated with sickle cell trait
            AC-36f. rhabdomyolysis
            AC-36g. internal hemorrhage
            AC-36h. diabetic emergencies including hypoglycemia and ketoacidosis
            AC-36i. asthma attacks
            AC-36j. systemic allergic reaction, including anaphylactic shock
            AC-36k. epileptic and non-epileptic seizures
            AC-36l. shock
            AC-36m. hypothermia, frostbite
            AC-36n. toxic drug overdoses
            AC-36o. local allergic reaction

AC-37    Select and apply appropriate splinting material to stabilize an injured body area.
AC-38    Apply appropriate immediate treatment to protect the injured area and minimize the effects of hypoxic and enzymatic injury.
AC-39    Select and implement the appropriate ambulatory aid based on the patient’s injury and activity and participation restrictions.
AC-40    Determine the proper transportation technique based on the patient’s condition and findings of the immediate examination.
AC-41    Identify the criteria used in the decision-making process to transport the injured patient for further medical examination.
AC-42    Select and use the appropriate short-distance transportation methods, such as the log roll or lift and slide, for an injured patient in different situations.
PHP-17       Explain the etiology and prevention guidelines associated with the leading causes of sudden death during physical activity, including but not limited to:
                PHP-17a.  Cardiac arrhythmia or arrest
                PHP-17b.  Asthma
                PHP-17c.  Traumatic brain injury
                PHP-17d.  Exertional heat stroke
                PHP-17e.  Hyponatremia
                PHP-17f.  Exertional sickling
                PHP-17g.  Anaphylactic shock
                PHP-17h.  Cervical spine injury
                PHP-17i.  Lightning strike

Clinical Integration Proficiencies

CIP-2    Select, apply, evaluate, and modify appropriate standard protective equipment, taping, wrapping, bracing, padding, and other custom devices for the client/patient in order to prevent and/or minimize the risk of injury to the head, torso, spine, and extremities for safe participation in sport or other physical activity.
CIP-6               Clinically evaluate and manage a patient with an emergency injury or condition to include the assessment of vital signs and level of consciousness, activation of emergency action plan, secondary assessment, diagnosis, and provision of the appropriate emergency care (eg, CPR, AED, supplemental oxygen, airway adjunct, splinting, spinal stabilization, control of bleeding).

 

 

General Psychology/Sociology/Sport Psychology


Competencies Instructed in Course:

Psychosocial

CIP-7               Select and integrate appropriate psychosocial techniques into a patient's treatment or rehabilitation program to enhance rehabilitation adherence, return to play, and overall outcomes. This includes, but is not limited to, verbal motivation, goal setting, imagery, pain management, self-talk, and/or relaxation.
PS-1     Describe the basic principles of personality traits, trait anxiety, locus of control, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and patient and social environment interactions as they affect patient interactions.
PS-2     Explain the theoretical background of psychological and emotional responses to injury and forced inactivity (eg, cognitive appraisal model, stress response model).
PS-5          Summarize contemporary theory regarding educating patients of all ages and cultural backgrounds to effect behavioral change.
PS-7     Describe the psychological techniques (eg, goal setting, imagery, positive self-talk, relaxation/anxiety reduction) that the athletic trainer can use to motivate the patient during injury rehabilitation and return to activity processes.
PS-8     Describe psychological interventions (eg, goal setting, motivational techniques) that are used to facilitate a patient’s physical, psychological, and return to activity needs.
PS-13    Identify and describe the basic signs and symptoms of mental health disorders (eg, psychosis, neurosis; sub-clinical mood disturbances (eg, depression, anxiety); and personal/social conflict (eg, adjustment to injury, family problems, academic or emotional stress, personal assault or abuse, sexual assault or harassment) that may indicate the need for referral to a mental healthcare professional.
PS-17    Describe the psychological and emotional responses to a catastrophic event, the potential need for a psychological intervention and a referral plan for all parties affected by the event.

 

Personal Health\Wellness


Competencies Instructed in Course:

Prevention/Recognition

PHP-5         Explain the precautions and risk factors associated with physical activity in persons
with common congenital and acquired abnormalities, disabilities, and diseases.
PHP-17       Explain the etiology and prevention guidelines associated with the leading causes of sudden death during physical activity, including but not limited to:
                PHP-17a.  Cardiac arrhythmia or arrest
                PHP-17b.  Asthma
                PHP-17c.  Traumatic brain injury
                PHP-17d.  Exertional heat stroke
                PHP-17e.  Hyponatremia
                PHP-17f.  Exertional sickling
                PHP-17g.  Anaphylactic shock
PHP-25       Describe the role of exercise in maintaining a healthy lifestyle and preventing chronic disease.

General Nutrition Concepts
PHP-32       Describe the role of nutrition in enhancing performance, preventing injury or illness,
and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
PHP-33       Educate clients/patients on the importance of healthy eating, regular exercise, and
general preventative strategies for improving or maintaining health and quality of life.
PHP-34       Describe contemporary nutritional intake recommendations and explain how these
recommendations can be used in performing a basic dietary analysis and providing
appropriate general dietary recommendations.
PHP-35       Describe the proper intake, sources of, and effects of micro- and macronutrients
on performance, health, and disease.
PHP-39       Describe changes in dietary requirements that occur as a result of changes in an
individual’s health, age, and activity level.
PHP-40       Explain the physiologic principles and time factors associated with the design and
planning of pre-activity and recovery meals/snacks and hydration practices.
PHP-41       Identify the foods and fluids that are most appropriate for pre-activity, activity, and
recovery meals/snacks.

Disordered Eating and Eating Disorders
PHP-46       Identify and describe the signs, symptoms, physiological, and psychological responses of clients/patients with disordered eating or eating disorders.
PHP-47       Describe the method of appropriate management and referral for clients/patients with disordered eating or eating disorders in a manner consistent with current practice guidelines.

General Prevention Principles
PHP-3         Identify modifiable/non-modifiable risk factors and mechanisms for injury and illness.
PHP-5         Explain the precautions and risk factors associated with physical activity in persons
with common congenital and acquired abnormalities, disabilities, and diseases.

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