Complex problems in the physical sciences are frequently multidisciplinary and require a synthesis of physical sciences, engineering, mathematics of computation, and scientific computing. Accordingly, the THEC Center research and education focus will be multidisciplinary across these areas. As computer power increases, it becomes possible to develop and apply new computational methodologies and capabilities to address highly complicated problems. One such area for development involves simulations for problems having more complicated physical content and/or interactions with other disciplines such as chemistry and electromagnetics. Another important area of research growth is in the development of methods for computational informational data mining that can be leveraged from existing capabilities for high-fidelity computational simulations. This could be particularly important for assessment of the economic, ecological and agricultural impact of long-range climate trend determination.