Research being conducted in my laboratory lies in 3 areas of botanical science.
Molecular Systematic of Plants—Plant molecular systematics is a branch of biology that focuses on using tools from genetics like PCR and DNA sequencing to address questions of evolution and biogeography in plants. I am currently working of the genus Prunus, the genus that contains plums, peaches, cherries, apricots, and almonds. This focus has led me to become interested the different rates of evolution among various noncoding fragments of the plant genome. Because different regions of the genome evolve (accumulate genetic mutations) at different rates some regions may be better tools than others for studies among either closely or distantly related species.
Floristics of the southeastern United States—Floristic study of the plants of the southeast, specifically in southeast TN, northeast AL, and northwest GA is a primary research interest in my lab. Cataloging plant species in various areas (e.g., federal and state natural areas or areas that have been heavily disturbed in the past) provides base-line data for many other types of inquiry. In addition to recording the species in a given area at a given time this type of study also will add to a growing body of knowledge on plant distributions in Tennessee and the rest of the southeast.
Exotic Invasive Plant Studies—Many plant species have been introduced to North America and several have become naturalized among the native flora; for example Japanese honeysuckle and kudzu. In addition to these two several other lesser-known exotic species are also spreading throughout the southeast. It is important to record the presence, absence, and ultimately spread of these exotic species for several reasons. The obvious reason being that the presence of an exotic invasive species along with information on relative abundance and geospatial information (GPS/GIS) can directly be used in formulating an eradication plan.
I am seeking both undergraduate and graduate students interested in: floristics, invasive species studies, taxonomic studies, or molecular phylogenetic and/or phylogeographic studies. Interested students should contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
2013 Breedlove, Dennis Associates awarded $5,000
2012 USFWS – $680 + $7,398
2012 TN Army National Guard – $89,000
2012 TDOT/URS ($16,810 to UTC) – $34,010
2010 TDOT/URS – ($93,719 to UTC) – $178,291
2010 TDOT/URS – ($236,875 to UTC) – $428,382
2010 TN Army National Guard – $17, 982
2010 TN Army National Guard – $63,455
2010 Breedlove, Dennis Associates awarded $5,000
2010 Group Faculty Development Grant (Biology Seminar Series) – $1,500
(* denotes graduate student and ** denotes undergraduate student)
*Kile HM, J. Shaw, and J. Boyd. 2013. Response of federally threatened Scutellaria montana (large-flowered skullcap) to pre-transplantation burning and canopy thinning. Southeastern Naturalist: 12: 99-120.
*Blyveis, E., and J. Shaw. 2012. The vascular flora and phytogeographical analysis of the Tennessee River Gorge, Hamilton and Marion counties, Tennessee. Southeastern Naturalist 11: 599-636.
**Hart, S., D. Estes, and J. Shaw. 2012. Noteworthy collections, Tennessee. Castanea 77: 381-382.
Montgomery, M., and J. Shaw. 2012. Clematis fremontii in the southeastern United States, naturally occurring relicts or recently introduced populations? Tipularia 27: 11-18.
Shaw, J., J.H. Craddock, and *M. Binkley. 2012. Phylogeny and phylogeography of North American Castanea Mill. (Fagaceae) using cpDNA suggests gene sharing in the Southern Appalachians (Castanea Mill., Fagaceae) Castanea 77:186-211.
Anderson, T.M., J. Shaw, and H. Olff. 2011. Ecology’s cruel dilemma, phylogenetic trait evolution and the assembly of Serengeti plant communities. Journal of Ecology 99: 797-806. TIMES CITED = 12
*Kile, H.M., J. Shaw, J. Nagel Boyd. 2011. Relocation success of federally threatened Scutellaria montana (Lamiaceae, Large-flowered skullcap) from a proposed highway corridor. Tennessee Academy of Sciences 86: 101-104.
*Huskins, S. and J. Shaw. 2010. The vascular flora of North Chickamauga Creek Gorge State Natural Area, Hamilton and Sequatchie Counties, Tennessee. Castanea 75:101-125.
**Collins, E. and J. Shaw. 2009. Noteworthy collection of Ranunculus ficaria in Hamilton County, Tennessee. Castanea 74: 434.
*Miller, R.J., A. Carroll, T.P. Wilson, and J. Shaw. 2009. Spatiotemporal analysis of three common wetland invasive plant species using herbarium specimens and geographic information systems. Castanea 74: 133-145. TIMES CITED = 4
Shaw, J., and D. Estes. 2012. Botanical survey and ecological systems mapping of the Ocoee River Gorge, Polk County, Tennessee. Prepared for the Tennessee Department of Transportation under a contract from URS Inc.
Shaw, J., and D. Estes. 2011. Botanical survey of the Ocoee River Gorge, Polk County, Tennessee. Prepared for the Tennessee Department of Transportation under a contract from URS Inc.
Shaw, J. and J. Boyd. 2010. Scutellaria montana Evaluation Report May 2010 Proposed State Industrial Access to Serve Volkswagen from S.R. 58 to the Enterprise South Industrial Park, Hamilton County, TN. Prepared for the Tennessee Department of Transportation.
Shaw, J. and J. Boyd. 2010. Scutellaria montana Chapm. Transplantation monitoring report 2009-2010 Enterprise South Industrial Park, Hamilton County, TN. Prepared for the Tennessee Department of Transportation.
Chester, E.W., D. Estes, J. Shaw, C. Bailey, and B.E. Wofford. The Vascular Flora of Tennessee. Accepted for publication 2013.