Night Time Creatures
A WebQuest created for 1st Grade by
Every night, as we are cuddled up in our covers, sleeping so soundly, many animals are wide awake. They are searching for food, playing, and making new homes. These animals are called nocturnal animals. We have been reading fiction and nonfiction books about nocturnal animals such as Stellaluna by Janel Cannon, Bats by Gail Gibbons, and Where Are the Night Animals? by Mary Ann Fraser. From this literature, we found some really cool facts about these animals. Now you are going to search for some more WOW facts about nocturnal animals.
Your job for today is to find out more about two nocturnal animals, owls and bats. You will be working with a partner to watch videos online, search websites for unique facts, and complete a scavenger hunt.
1.5.1 Observe and note differences among plants and animals of the same kind.
1.3.1 Recognize the basic needs of living things.
Today you will have three main jobs. Let’s get started!
1. You will click on each animal below to watch a short video from National Geographic. While watching the video, collect five unique facts about the owl, and five unique facts about the bat, on the paper provided by your teacher. First, click the owl. Next, click the picture of the bats. Scroll down to find the same picture and click it to play the video.
2. Now you will take the facts you just discovered from National Geographic and use them to create a Venn diagram. Compare the bat and owl in the given Venn diagram. The outside bubbles are the unique facts that show how that specific animal is different. The overlapping area, from the two bubbles we’ll create, are the facts that make owl and bat similar.
OWLS BOTH BATS
3. Finally, you will click on the icon below. This will take you to a PBS website. You will see a variety of nocturnal animal eyes. Click on each eye to read and discover facts about the eye and the animal it belongs to. Use the clues found in the facts to complete the Scavenger Hunt. When you have finished the Scavenger Hunt, click the green “BACK” button to return to the WebQuest.
Each pair of students will complete the Venn diagram, with 10 facts from each animal, with 90% accuracy of placement into the diagram. The pairs will also complete the Scavenger Hunt, with 90% accuracy. After the WebQuest, the students will all participate in an oral discussion of their findings.
Nocturnal animals have special characteristics that enable them to interact and survive during the darkness of night. Their eyes have special adaptations to make it possible for them to hunt for food or find new homes. Owls and bats have very light sensitive eyes. They do not see in color. Their eyes also see outlines and imperfect shapes. They also have a very strong sense of hearing to help them hunt. Owls and bats have many similarities, but also many differences. Owls have very large heads and eyes that face forward. Their heads can almost turn completely around in a circle. Owls are able to sneak up on their prey because of their fluffy feathers that give silent flight. Owls are generally birds that are found to live alone or with one or two others. Owls sleep in trees, during the day. Not all bats are nocturnal, but many are. They sleep upside down in caves during the day. The cave provides protection from the bat’s enemies. Bats do not live alone. They live in colonies of up to 20 million members. A bat’s body is small. Their wings are like long fingers that are covered with a skin-like exterior. Some have tails and others do not. Here are the answer keys:
Venn Diagram: Answers will vary, according to facts found. Facts from videos are found above.
1. I have eyesight that is comparable with a cat. I have an unusual scalloped pupil.
What am I? (Flying Gecko)
2. I can see as well as a human. I bury myself by day and become active at night.
What am I? (Cuttlefish)
3. I have extraordinary night vision. I can see a mouse creeping through brush nearly a football field away. What am I? (Owl)
What am I? (Tarsier)
5. My retina is folded to provide better and clearer vision than some of my other relatives.
What am I? (Fruit Bat)
6. I have sight- and heat-detected abilities to find my food. What am I? (Pit Viper)
This WebQuest is an excellent avenue for a teacher to use in the classroom. Before using this WebQuest, students need to have practiced using Venn diagrams. It is also useful to build background knowledge of nocturnal animals through fiction and nonfiction literature, videos, and pictures. Throughout the WebQuest experience, students are given the opportunity to become more familiar with using the internet as a source to discover information. They also compare and contrast owls and bats with the facts they have discovered from the National Geographic videos provided. Students will be challenged to complete a Scavenger Hunt on different type eyes of nocturnal animals. These activities give each student thinking power and adaptation knowledge. After using this WebQuest in my own classroom I found that one improvement to make for the students’ success. It would be to give the pairs a Venn diagram on a larger sheet of paper. I provided them with a print out on 8 ˝ x 11-sized paper. Their large writing over took it and they ran out of room!
Answers.com. (2008.) Wikipedia: Common vampire bat. Retrieved March 28, 2008, from http://www.answers.com/topic/common-vampire-bat.
Bettman, C. (2000). Public broadcasting service. Retrieved March 17, 2008, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/kalahari/nightvision.html.
National Geographic Society. (2008). Retrieved March 16, 2008, from http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Videos/.